576 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Feasibility of a New Model for Exercise Prescription in Cystic Fibrosis
University of Alabama at Birmingham Cystic Fibrosis
The purpose of this protocol is to begin an exercise program combined with behavioral counseling for patients who are hospitalized with a cystic fibrosis exacerbation. The exercise program will begin during the hospital stay. Beginning an exercise program during this period... expand

The purpose of this protocol is to begin an exercise program combined with behavioral counseling for patients who are hospitalized with a cystic fibrosis exacerbation. The exercise program will begin during the hospital stay. Beginning an exercise program during this period of reduced mobility and isolation may be an ideal time to deliver a structured exercise prescription along with a behavioral program to promote long-term adherence to exercise (structured physical activity) . Hospitalized patients have an acute awareness that their lung function is declining and may be more motivated and open to changing their behavior and adding exercise to their treatment regimen.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Return of Aspiration-Free Swallow After Laryngotracheal Anesthesia
University of Alabama at Birmingham Swallowing, Air
Patients undergo laryngotracheal anesthesia (LTA) for a variety of in-office laryngology procedures. Prior to resolution of laryngeal sensory anesthesia, oral intake may predispose patients to aspiration. The purpose of this study is to objectively characterize a time period... expand

Patients undergo laryngotracheal anesthesia (LTA) for a variety of in-office laryngology procedures. Prior to resolution of laryngeal sensory anesthesia, oral intake may predispose patients to aspiration. The purpose of this study is to objectively characterize a time period for return of aspiration-free swallow after LTA.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Nov 2020

open study

Sling Use and Functional Mobility in a Geriatric Population
University of Alabama at Birmingham Mobility Limitation
Shoulder slings are commonly worn after shoulder surgery. In geriatric patients, painstaking care is taken to reduce any factors that may increase the chance of experiencing a fall. Currently, it is not understood if wearing a sling affects someone's general gait and balance.... expand

Shoulder slings are commonly worn after shoulder surgery. In geriatric patients, painstaking care is taken to reduce any factors that may increase the chance of experiencing a fall. Currently, it is not understood if wearing a sling affects someone's general gait and balance.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2020

open study

Effect of Whole Fruit on Glycemic Control in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes
University of Alabama at Birmingham Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes costs the U.S. healthcare system more than any other disease, and nearly half of Americans will develop either diabetes or prediabetes in their lifetime. It is therefore critical to find new strategies to treat or reverse diabetes. One such approach is adopting... expand

Diabetes costs the U.S. healthcare system more than any other disease, and nearly half of Americans will develop either diabetes or prediabetes in their lifetime. It is therefore critical to find new strategies to treat or reverse diabetes. One such approach is adopting a healthy diet, which can dramatically improve blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes and even induce diabetes remission. Despite this, not much is known about which food groups are most effective at improving blood sugar levels in patients with diabetes. Interestingly, of the various food groups that comprise the Mediterranean diet, epidemiologic data suggests that whole fruit may be one of the most efficacious at both preventing type 2 diabetes and improving blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, few clinical trials have investigated the effects of whole fruit on blood sugar control. This study will therefore be the first to determine the effects of increasing whole fruit as a food group in type 2 diabetes patients. This supervised controlled feeding trial will test whether consuming a diet rich in whole fruit for 12 weeks can induce diabetes remission and can improve blood sugar, liver fat, and cardiovascular health in adults with type 2 diabetes. Thereafter, participants will be followed for up to one year. As a secondary aim, this study will also test whether consuming a large amount of fructose in whole food form negatively affects liver fat and cardiovascular health.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

Study to Evaluate the Safety & Tolerability of MRT5005 Administered by Nebulization in Adults With Cystic...
Translate Bio, Inc. Cystic Fibrosis
This Phase 1/2, first-in-human study will evaluate the safety and tolerability of single and multiple escalating doses of MRT5005 administered by nebulization to the respiratory tract of adult subjects with CF. expand

This Phase 1/2, first-in-human study will evaluate the safety and tolerability of single and multiple escalating doses of MRT5005 administered by nebulization to the respiratory tract of adult subjects with CF.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2018

open study

Impact of Discontinuing Chronic Therapies in People With Cystic Fibrosis on Highly Effective CFTR Modulator...
David Nichols, MD Cystic Fibrosis
Despite the increasingly common use of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulator therapies in treating CF, it is still largely unknown whether or not other chronic therapies can be safely stopped. The SIMPLIFY study is being done to test whether or... expand

Despite the increasingly common use of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulator therapies in treating CF, it is still largely unknown whether or not other chronic therapies can be safely stopped. The SIMPLIFY study is being done to test whether or not it is safe to stop taking inhaled hypertonic saline or Pulmozyme® (dornase alfa) in those people that are also taking Trikafta™. Trikafta (elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor) is a combination CFTR modulator therapy that was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for people with CF who have at least one F508del mutation. The three drugs that make up Trikafta work together to allow many more chloride ions to move into and out of the cells, improving the balance of salt and water in the lungs. These changes result in better clearance of mucus from the lungs and improvements in lung function. Inhaled hypertonic saline and Pulmozyme (dornase alfa) also improve clearance of mucus from the lungs to support lung function and have been available to people with CF for many years. Both therapies are considered to be relatively burdensome and it is not known whether either therapy can improve or maintain lung function above what is already gained through Trikafta use. The goal of the SIMPLIFY study is to get information about whether or not it is safe to stop either inhaled hypertonic saline or Pulmozyme (dornase alfa) by testing if there is a change in lung function in subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) who are assigned to stop their chronic medication (either hypertonic saline or Pulmozyme) as compared to those who are assigned to keep taking their medication while continuing to take Trikafta.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2020

open study

KT Tape for Pediatric Clavicle Fractures
University of Alabama at Birmingham Clavicle Fracture
Clavicle fractures in children are mostly managed non-operatively since they have an overall high union rate (95%) and a "good" functional outcome following nonoperative treatment. However, the downside of such a conservative approach is that patients have to live with pain... expand

Clavicle fractures in children are mostly managed non-operatively since they have an overall high union rate (95%) and a "good" functional outcome following nonoperative treatment. However, the downside of such a conservative approach is that patients have to live with pain and disability until the fracture heals. To minimize this, fractures are usually immobilized with a sling. There have been no studies looking at clavicle fractures treated with kinesiology (elastic) tape. No adverse effects (skin irritation, redness, etc.) are observed with the application of this tape. Elastic tape has previously been examined regarding muscular advantages rather than for healing fractures. Since this tape should immobilize fractures better than a sling, patients should experience less pain and disability associated with their fracture.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

Mid and Standard Frequency Ventilation in Infants With Respiratory Distress Syndrome
University of Alabama at Birmingham Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury Respiratory Distress Syndrome Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Preterm Infant
The purpose of this study is to determine, in preterm infants less than 37 weeks gestation with respiratory distress who are ventilated in the first 48 hours after birth, if mid frequency ventilation strategy using ventilator rate of ≥ 60 to ≤ 150 per minute compared with... expand

The purpose of this study is to determine, in preterm infants less than 37 weeks gestation with respiratory distress who are ventilated in the first 48 hours after birth, if mid frequency ventilation strategy using ventilator rate of ≥ 60 to ≤ 150 per minute compared with standard frequency ventilation strategy using ventilator rates of ≥ 20 to < 60 per minute will increase the number of alive ventilator-free days after randomization and reduce the risk of ventilator induced lung injury.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Dual Energy CT as a Noninvasive Method to Screen for Gastroesophageal Varices
University of Alabama at Birmingham Gastroesophageal Varices
Cirrhosis leads to portal hypertension and development of gastroesophageal varices, which are the most common cause for bleeding in cirrhosis and a major cause of death. The American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) recommends screening endoscopy every 2... expand

Cirrhosis leads to portal hypertension and development of gastroesophageal varices, which are the most common cause for bleeding in cirrhosis and a major cause of death. The American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) recommends screening endoscopy every 2 years to evaluate for gastroesophageal varices, and annual surveillance for those with small varices on endoscopy. Unfortunately, endoscopy is costly, requires sedation, is poorly tolerated, is subject to high inter-observer variability, and is associated with risks that include bleeding, esophageal injury and aspiration. Noninvasive methods for evaluation of gastroesophageal varices are needed. CT is noninvasive, rapid, less expensive than endoscopy, requires no sedation, provides a quantitative measure of the size of the varices, and allows for assessment of para-esophageal varices, varices in other body locations, ascites, other signs of portal hypertension, patency of liver vasculature, and detection, diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma. Single-Energy CT (SECT) has relatively high accuracy in prospective studies for detection of any and large varices but is associated with suboptimal contrast opacification of gastroesophageal varices. Dual-Energy CT with the GE scanners with GSI Xtream (DECT) improves the contrast-to-noise ratio by 60% compared to SECT and is currently standard of care at UAB for evaluation of cirrhosis. The primary objective of this study is to determine the accuracy of DECT for detecting any varices and high-risk varices. The study hypothesis is that the accuracy (AUROC) of DECT will be >0.90 and >0.95 for detecting any and high-risk varices in a prospective pilot study (N=50) that uses endoscopy as the reference standard. This will be a single-center pilot observational prospective IRB-approved study. A total of 50 adult patients presenting to UAB Endoscopy for surveillance endoscopy to detect and grade gastroesophageal varices will be enrolled.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2019

open study

Effect of Preoperative Mobility Device Training on Postoperative Fall Incidence
University of Alabama at Birmingham Injury; Muscle, Ankle, and Foot, Multiple
The purpose of this study is to determine whether preoperative mobility device training is beneficial in reducing incidence of postoperative falls in patients undergoing elective foot and ankle surgery requiring a postoperative period of no weight-bearing. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine whether preoperative mobility device training is beneficial in reducing incidence of postoperative falls in patients undergoing elective foot and ankle surgery requiring a postoperative period of no weight-bearing.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

Treatment of Chronic Antibody-mediated Rejection in Kidney Transplant With Acthar
University of Maryland, Baltimore Transplant Glomerulopathy
This is an open label safety and feasibility trial using Acthar® in addition to the investigators center-specific standard therapy, which could include increase in maintenance immunosuppression, high dose IVIG (2 g/Kg), and/or Rituximab, in patients with CAMR. expand

This is an open label safety and feasibility trial using Acthar® in addition to the investigators center-specific standard therapy, which could include increase in maintenance immunosuppression, high dose IVIG (2 g/Kg), and/or Rituximab, in patients with CAMR.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2016

open study

Zoliflodacin in Uncomplicated Gonorrhoea
Global Antibiotics Research and Development Partnership Gonorrhea
This trial is a multi-center, open label, randomized controlled, non-inferiority phase III trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of a 3 g oral dose of zoliflodacin compared to a combination of a single intra-muscular 500 mg dose of ceftriaxone and a single 1 g oral dose... expand

This trial is a multi-center, open label, randomized controlled, non-inferiority phase III trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of a 3 g oral dose of zoliflodacin compared to a combination of a single intra-muscular 500 mg dose of ceftriaxone and a single 1 g oral dose of azithromycin for the treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhoea.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

Preoperative Regional Nerve Block for Acute and Chronic Post-Operative Pain Following Mastectomy
University of Alabama at Birmingham Breast Cancer Mastectomy Anesthesia, Local Narcotic Use
The purpose of this study is to see if pre-operative regional nerve blocks compared to a placebo nerve block can decrease chronic post mastectomy pain, immediate postoperative pain and postoperative narcotic consumption. expand

The purpose of this study is to see if pre-operative regional nerve blocks compared to a placebo nerve block can decrease chronic post mastectomy pain, immediate postoperative pain and postoperative narcotic consumption.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Intranasal Versus Intravenous Ketamine for Procedural Sedation in Children With Non-operative Fractures
University of Alabama at Birmingham Trauma Fractures, Closed Children, Only Deep Sedation Ketamine
This a randomized clinical trial involving children with non-operative fractures presenting the emergency department randomized either to intranasal or intravenous ketamine. expand

This a randomized clinical trial involving children with non-operative fractures presenting the emergency department randomized either to intranasal or intravenous ketamine.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

The LATITUDE Study: Long-Acting Therapy to Improve Treatment SUccess in Daily LifE
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) HIV Infections
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy, safety, and durability of two different strategies to treat participants with a history of sub-optimal adherence and control of their HIV infection: long-acting (LA) antiretroviral therapy (ART) and all-oral standard of care... expand

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy, safety, and durability of two different strategies to treat participants with a history of sub-optimal adherence and control of their HIV infection: long-acting (LA) antiretroviral therapy (ART) and all-oral standard of care (SOC).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2019

open study

Project BIPAMS: Behavioral Intervention for Physical Activity in Multiple Sclerosis
University of Alabama at Birmingham Multiple Sclerosis
This randomized controlled trial will examine the effect of a 6-month behavioral intervention, based on social cognitive theory and delivered through the Internet, for increasing physical activity and secondarily improving mobility, cognition, symptoms and quality of life... expand

This randomized controlled trial will examine the effect of a 6-month behavioral intervention, based on social cognitive theory and delivered through the Internet, for increasing physical activity and secondarily improving mobility, cognition, symptoms and quality of life in persons with MS. The investigators hypothesize that individuals who receive the 6-month behavioral intervention will demonstrate an increase in physical activity behavior that will last throughout a 6-month follow up compared with participants in the control condition. The investigators further hypothesize that individuals in the behavioral intervention will demonstrate better walking mobility and cognitive function, reduced fatigue, depression, anxiety, and pain, and improved quality of life compared to the control condition. The investigators hypothesize that the behavioral intervention will increase physical activity through positive changes in self-efficacy, outcome expectations, goal setting, and impediments as social-cognitive determinants.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2018

open study

Microtubule-Targeted Agent BAL101553 and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed...
Basilea Pharmaceutica Glioblastoma MGMT-Unmethylated Glioblastoma
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of microtubule-targeted agent BAL101553 when given together with radiation therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as microtubule-targeted agent BAL101553, work... expand

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of microtubule-targeted agent BAL101553 when given together with radiation therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as microtubule-targeted agent BAL101553, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving microtubule-targeted agent BAL101553 and radiation therapy may work better in treating patients with glioblastoma.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2017

open study

Treatment of Macrophage Activation Syndrome (MAS) With Anakinra
University of Alabama at Birmingham Macrophage Activation Syndrome
The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether giving injections of anakinra is a safe and well tolerated treatment to give as an adjunct to standard prescribed treatment for patients who are admitted to the hospital with signs of severe inflammation (macrophage... expand

The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether giving injections of anakinra is a safe and well tolerated treatment to give as an adjunct to standard prescribed treatment for patients who are admitted to the hospital with signs of severe inflammation (macrophage activation syndrome) that is potentially life-threatening. Anakinra is a commercially available product (Kineret™) approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis; it is a replica of a naturally occurring protein called Il-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), made by humans to inhibit and regulate the action of interleukin-1 (IL-1). IL-1 is a mediator of inflammation that when generated in excess amounts by immune system cells can result in severe dysfunction of multiple organs that can be life-threatening. The specific primary objectives of the study are to determine if giving anakinra results in no increased infection complications or mortality. Additional data will be collected to determine whether anakinra administration results in any other unanticipated side effects in this setting, and the effects of anakinra administration on inflammation markers, the overall dose of steroids required to treat the inflammation, and the length of hospital stay.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2016

open study

Improving Thinking in Everyday Life: Pilot Study A
University of Alabama at Birmingham Cognitive Impairment
This is a pilot study at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The purpose of this initial study is to test how effective a new therapy is for improving participants ability to think, particularly how rapidly they process information that they receive from their senses, e.g.,... expand

This is a pilot study at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The purpose of this initial study is to test how effective a new therapy is for improving participants ability to think, particularly how rapidly they process information that they receive from their senses, e.g., sight, hearing,… . The study will also test whether the new therapy improves how often and how well they are able to carry out tasks that rely on thinking in their daily life. The therapy will combine a computer game that ask participants to identify targets on the screen as rapidly as possible with a set of psychological techniques that will help to apply the improvements that are made in how rapidly participants process information as a result of the game to carrying out tasks that rely on thinking in your daily life.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2019

open study

The Myeloma Pack: A Multi-Modality Educational Intervention Strategy to Engage Patients With Multiple...
University of Alabama at Birmingham Multiple Myeloma
Multiple Myeloma (MM) patients are prone to poor quality of life (QoL) as a result of the anxiety and depression they suffer due to a poor understanding of their disease. Improving patient understanding of their illness and addressing issues that induce distress impacts QoL.... expand

Multiple Myeloma (MM) patients are prone to poor quality of life (QoL) as a result of the anxiety and depression they suffer due to a poor understanding of their disease. Improving patient understanding of their illness and addressing issues that induce distress impacts QoL. This prospective, interventional study is designed to see if a structured psycho-educational program called "the myeloma pack intervention" (MPI), implemented in parallel with standard cancer treatment, can improve QoL for patients with MM.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2017

open study

Comparative Effectiveness Study Telerehab Versus Conventional
Shepherd Center, Atlanta GA Multiple Sclerosis
This study aims to compare the effectiveness of an exercise program delivered in a conventional facility-based format versus a telerehabilitation format, which takes place in the home. Exercise can improve mobility and perhaps decrease the rate and extent of disability in... expand

This study aims to compare the effectiveness of an exercise program delivered in a conventional facility-based format versus a telerehabilitation format, which takes place in the home. Exercise can improve mobility and perhaps decrease the rate and extent of disability in people with MS. Evidence shows that traditional, facility-based exercise training may help people with MS consistently participate in exercise or to exercise at a higher, more intense level. Despite this evidence, lack of access to facility-based exercise programs may make it difficult for people with MS to engage in exercise.Telerehabilitation (telerehab) has great potential to overcome challenges associated with facility-based programs. Telerehab can include videoconferencing, remote monitoring of signs and activity, and dissemination of specialized and individualized information via electronic mechanisms, such as smartphones and computers. Both facility-based and telerehab exercise training have yielded positive results in people with MS, but have not been compared head-to-head. The current study will fill this gap in the evidence base and compare the outcomes of delivering the same exercise interventions in a facility or in the home/community using a telerehab approach. The interventions are designed to be identical in content, with the only difference being the mode of training delivery.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2018

open study

Follow-up Visit of High Risk Infants
NICHD Neonatal Research Network Infant, Newborn Infant, Low Birth Weight Infant, Small for Gestational Age Infant, Premature
The NICHD Neonatal Research Network's Follow-Up study is a multi-center cohort in which surviving extremely low birth-weight infants born in participating network centers receive neurodevelopmental, neurosensory and functional assessments at 22-26 months corrected age (Infants... expand

The NICHD Neonatal Research Network's Follow-Up study is a multi-center cohort in which surviving extremely low birth-weight infants born in participating network centers receive neurodevelopmental, neurosensory and functional assessments at 22-26 months corrected age (Infants born prior to July 1, 2012 were seen at 18-22 months corrected age). Data regarding pregnancy and neonatal outcome are collected prospectively. The goal is to identify potential maternal and neonatal risk factors that may affect infant neurodevelopment.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 1993

open study

HCRN Core Data Project: Characterizing Patient Populations in the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network...
University of Utah Pediatric Hydrocephalus
The Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) has been established by philanthropic funding to conduct multi-institutional research (clinical trials and observational studies) on pediatric hydrocephalus. In addition to philanthropic funding, the HCRN has also received... expand

The Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) has been established by philanthropic funding to conduct multi-institutional research (clinical trials and observational studies) on pediatric hydrocephalus. In addition to philanthropic funding, the HCRN has also received an NIH NINDS Challenge Grant to support the network infrastructure which allows for the conduct of this and other network studies. The HCRN consists of multiple Clinical Centers and the Data Coordinating Center (DCC). The HCRN Core Data Project will obtain data about all neurosurgical hydrocephalus events from the network Clinical Centers, and create a database to be used by HCRN investigators. The ongoing maintenance of the Core Data Project serves two main purposes: 1) it will help investigators understand the variability, progression, and current treatment practices for hydrocephalus in children, with an ultimate goal of better guiding and assessing therapeutic intervention and providing recommendations on patient care and, 2) it will provide pilot and descriptive data necessary for hypothesis generation and study design (i.e. preliminary power analyses, recruitment projections) for studies under development by the HCRN. This multi-institutional database will be maintained throughout the lifetime of the HCRN, and may be useful for tracking trends in pediatric hydrocephalus over time. The Core Data Project will be an invaluable resource to the HCRN and will help stimulate new research protocols, identify potential need for future expansion of the network to incorporate additional patient populations, and provide a descriptive understanding of children with hydrocephalus cared for within the network.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2008

open study

Speed of Processing Training for Cognitive Deficits After Delirium in Older Adults
University of Alabama at Birmingham Delirium Dementia
In this proposal, we will examine processing speed training (PST) as a potential intervention to reduce the risk of developing long-term cognitive impairment after a delirium episode. expand

In this proposal, we will examine processing speed training (PST) as a potential intervention to reduce the risk of developing long-term cognitive impairment after a delirium episode.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2018

open study

Standard or Comprehensive Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer Previously...
NSABP Foundation Inc Stage IB Breast Cancer Stage II Breast Cancer
This randomized phase III trial studies standard or comprehensive radiation therapy in treating patients with early-stage breast cancer who have undergone surgery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether comprehensive radiation... expand

This randomized phase III trial studies standard or comprehensive radiation therapy in treating patients with early-stage breast cancer who have undergone surgery. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether comprehensive radiation therapy is more effective than standard radiation therapy in treating patients with breast cancer

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2013

open study