584 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
A Cross-sectional Study of Lipoprotein(a) Levels in Patients With Documented History of Atherosclerotic...
Amgen Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
The purpose of this study is to characterize the distribution of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels among participants with a history of ASCVD as defined by their medical history and is 2-fold: - Evaluate the distribution of Lp(a) value in the overall participants with documented... expand

The purpose of this study is to characterize the distribution of lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels among participants with a history of ASCVD as defined by their medical history and is 2-fold: - Evaluate the distribution of Lp(a) value in the overall participants with documented history of ASCVD - Evaluate the distribution of Lp(a) value in participants with documented history of ASCVD by demographics and regions

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2022

open study

Transferring Speed of Processing Gains to Everyday Cognitive Tasks After Stroke
University of Alabama at Birmingham Stroke Cognitive Dysfunction
This study will compare two approaches to cognitive rehabilitation in adults with stroke with persistent, mild to moderate, cognitive impairment. Both approaches will feature a web-based computer "game" that trains cognitive processing speed, i.e., how quickly individuals process... expand

This study will compare two approaches to cognitive rehabilitation in adults with stroke with persistent, mild to moderate, cognitive impairment. Both approaches will feature a web-based computer "game" that trains cognitive processing speed, i.e., how quickly individuals process information that they receive through their senses. This training is termed Speed of Processing Training (SOPT). One approach will add (A) in-lab training on everyday activities with important cognitive components and (B) procedures designed to transfer improvements in cognition from the treatment setting to everyday life. This approach is termed Constraint-Induced Cognitive Therapy (CICT). The other approach will add (A) in-lab training on relaxation, healthy nutrition, and healthy sleep and (B) procedures designed to promote integration of these lifestyle changes into everyday life. This approach is termed Brain Fitness-Heath Education Lifestyle Program (BF-HELP). Both CICT and BF-HELP will involve 35 hours of training. Ten 1-hour sessions of SOPT will be scheduled in the home with training conducted independently by participants. Ten 2.5 hours of in-lab, face-to-face, therapist directed sessions will be scheduled. These sessions will feature a brief period of SOPT; the bulk of the sessions will be committed to in-lab training on the target behaviors and the procedures designed to promote transfer of therapeutic gains to daily life; The set of the latter procedures is termed the Transfer Package. To accommodate the demands of participants' other activities, training sessions will be permitted to be scheduled as tightly as every weekday over 2 weeks or as loosely as every other weekday or so over 4 weeks. Family caregivers in both groups will also receive training on how to best support participants in their therapeutic program. The study will also test if there is an advantage to placing follow-up phone calls after treatment ends. The purpose of the calls will be to support transition of any behavioral changes achieved during treatment into everyday life on a long-term basis. Participants will be randomly assigned to the interventions. Testing will happen one month before treatment, one day before treatment, one day afterwards, and 6- and 12-months afterwards. Outcomes measured will include cognitive processing speed, cognitive function on laboratory tests, and spontaneous performance of everyday activities with important cognitive components in daily life.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2022

open study

A Phase 2 Study of Tarlatamab in Patients With Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) (DeLLphi-301)
Amgen Relapsed/Refractory Small Cell Lung Cancer
The main aim of this study is to: - evaluate safety and efficacy (per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [RECIST 1.1] by investigator) of 2 dose levels of Tarlatamab for Part 1 only - evaluate anti-tumor activity of Tarlatamab as determined... expand

The main aim of this study is to: - evaluate safety and efficacy (per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [RECIST 1.1] by investigator) of 2 dose levels of Tarlatamab for Part 1 only - evaluate anti-tumor activity of Tarlatamab as determined by objective response rate (ORR) per RECIST 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR) for Part 1 and 2

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2021

open study

Nurse Coach-Led Early Palliative Care for Older Adults With COPD and Their Care Partners: The Project...
University of Alabama at Birmingham COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in older Americans. COPD increases in frequency with age, and older adults with COPD often have significant unmet geriatrics-palliative care needs that results in reduced quality of life, high... expand

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in older Americans. COPD increases in frequency with age, and older adults with COPD often have significant unmet geriatrics-palliative care needs that results in reduced quality of life, high healthcare utilization, and care at the end of life that does not align with the values and wishes of patients and their care partners. Older adults with COPD could benefit from proactive geriatrics-palliative care before the end of life. However, no geriatrics-palliative care interventions have been systematically developed and tested in community-dwelling older adults with COPD and their care partners. As the number of older adults with COPD increases to levels unmatched by current palliative care workforce trends, innovative strategies are desperately needed to improve the delivery of geriatrics-palliative care in COPD before the end of life. Project EPIC (Early Palliative Care In COPD) is a multiphase study to refine and pilot test the ENABLE-COPD early palliative care intervention in older adults with COPD and their care partners. ENABLE (Educate, Nurture, Advise Before Life Ends) is an early palliative care intervention that improves quality of life and mood for patients with advanced cancer and has underwent decades of iterative refinement and rigorous randomized controlled trial testing. In the intervention, palliative care-trained nurse coaches deliver the Charting Your Course Curriculum over the phone to patients (six sessions) and their care partners (four sessions), with activities and monthly telephone follow-up following a manualized curriculum. We conducted a formative evaluation in a diverse and multidisciplinary group of stakeholders to refine ENABLE for patients with COPD and pilot tested the potential feasibility of the refined intervention, ENABLE-COPD, in patients and their care partners. The current study summatively evaluates ENABLE-COPD through a hybrid type-1 effectiveness-implementation pilot randomized controlled trial in dyads of community-dwelling older adults with moderate to very severe COPD and their care partners randomized to usual COPD care (control) versus usual COPD care + ENABLE-COPD (intervention). The primary outcomes are trial and intervention feasibility and acceptability. Secondary geriatrics-palliative care outcomes include Life-Space mobility, quality of life, cognitive impairment, functional status, healthcare utilization, palliative care uptake, and care partner burden.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2022

open study

Azithromycin Treatment for Respiratory Syncytial Virus-induced Respiratory Failure in Children
University of Alabama at Birmingham Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
The overarching hypothesis of the ARRC trial is that administration of Azithromycin (AZM) during acute, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)-induced respiratory failure will be beneficial, mediated through the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 pathway. expand

The overarching hypothesis of the ARRC trial is that administration of Azithromycin (AZM) during acute, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)-induced respiratory failure will be beneficial, mediated through the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 pathway.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2022

open study

Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacodynamics of NOV-001 in Adult Subjects
Novome Biotechnologies Inc Healthy Volunteers Enteric Hyperoxaluria
The first stage of this study is a prospective, adaptive, Phase 1, first-in-human, randomized, controlled study evaluating safety, tolerability, and pharmacodynamics of NOV-001 in adult healthy volunteers. The second stage of this study is a prospective, randomized, single-blinded,... expand

The first stage of this study is a prospective, adaptive, Phase 1, first-in-human, randomized, controlled study evaluating safety, tolerability, and pharmacodynamics of NOV-001 in adult healthy volunteers. The second stage of this study is a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, placebo-controlled study of safety, tolerability, and early efficacy in patients with enteric hyperoxaluria.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

Study of Talazoparib With Enzalutamide in Men With DDR Gene Mutated mCSPC
Pfizer Prostate Cancer
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of talazoparib in combination with enzalutamide compared with placebo in combination with enzalutamide in participants with DDR-deficient mCSPC. expand

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of talazoparib in combination with enzalutamide compared with placebo in combination with enzalutamide in participants with DDR-deficient mCSPC.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

Understanding the Metabolic and Functional Derangement of Primary Mitral Regurgitation: a Feasibility...
University of Alabama at Birmingham Mitral Valve Regurgitation
The aim of this pilot imaging study is to investigate the underlying changes in myocardial oxidative metabolism, myocardial inflammation and alterations in extracellular volume in patients with chronic compensated moderate-severe primary mitral regurgitation (PMR). The PET... expand

The aim of this pilot imaging study is to investigate the underlying changes in myocardial oxidative metabolism, myocardial inflammation and alterations in extracellular volume in patients with chronic compensated moderate-severe primary mitral regurgitation (PMR). The PET tracer [11C] acetate will be used to image and quantify myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) in hearts of the study participants. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) using a gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) will be performed to assess for and quantify expansion of myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) and myocardial inflammation. We will enroll a total of 12 participants, nine of whom will be patients with chronic, compensated asymptomatic moderate-severe PMR evaluated at the UAB Cardiovascular Disease and Structural Valve Clinic and three normal control subjects.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2025

open study

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Intravenous Prasinezumab in Participants With Early Parkinson's...
Hoffmann-La Roche Parkinsons Disease
This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that will evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) prasinezumab versus placebo in participants with Early Parkinson's Disease (PD) who are on stable symptomatic PD medication. expand

This is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study that will evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (IV) prasinezumab versus placebo in participants with Early Parkinson's Disease (PD) who are on stable symptomatic PD medication.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

A Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Belzutifan (MK-6482) and Lenvatinib (MK-7902),...
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC Carcinoma, Renal Cell
The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib or pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib versus pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib as first-line treatment in participants with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma... expand

The goal of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib or pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib versus pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib as first-line treatment in participants with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). The primary hypotheses are (1) pembrolizumab plus belzutifan plus lenvatinib is superior to pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib with respect to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), in advanced ccRCC participants and (2) pembrolizumab/quavonlimab plus lenvatinib is superior to pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib with respect to PFS and OS, in advanced ccRCC participants.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

RA-PRO PRAGMATIC TRIAL
University of Alabama at Birmingham Rheumatoid Arthritis
The 2021 ACR RA treatment guideline, based on widely acknowledged low to moderate quality evidence, recommends switching to a non-tumor necrosis factor (TNFi) biologic (choose among existing medications, currently, rituximab, abatacept, tocilizumab, or sarilumab) or a targeted... expand

The 2021 ACR RA treatment guideline, based on widely acknowledged low to moderate quality evidence, recommends switching to a non-tumor necrosis factor (TNFi) biologic (choose among existing medications, currently, rituximab, abatacept, tocilizumab, or sarilumab) or a targeted synthetic DMARD arm (tsDMARD; choose among existing medications, currently, tofacitinib, baricitinib, upadacitinib) in patients with active RA despite the use of a TNFi-biologic. In practice, most patients receive another TNFi-biologic, i.e., a second TNFi-biologic first. This is not based on solid evidence, but on arbitrary algorithms often proposed by health insurance plans, and/or physician experience and habit (TNFis launched 22 yrs ago vs. the first tsDMARD 8 years ago vs. first non-TNF-biologic launched 17 years ago). This study will fill a critical knowledge gap by generating CER data for important PROs between these treatment options, switching to a non-TNFi biologic or a tsDMARD in patients with active RA despite the use of a TNFi-biologic.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2021

open study

Atrasentan in Patients With IgA Nephropathy
Chinook Therapeutics U.S., Inc. IgA Nephropathy Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy
The ALIGN Study is a phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to compare the efficacy and safety of atrasentan to placebo in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) at risk of progressive loss of renal function. expand

The ALIGN Study is a phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to compare the efficacy and safety of atrasentan to placebo in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) at risk of progressive loss of renal function.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

A Study to Test the Effect of Different Doses of BI 1358894 and Quetiapine in People With Depression
Boehringer Ingelheim Depressive Disorder, Major
This study is open to adults with depression (major depressive disorder) for whom standard treatment with antidepressants alone does not work sufficiently. The purpose of the trial is to find out whether a medicine called BI 1358894 helps to improve symptoms of depression.... expand

This study is open to adults with depression (major depressive disorder) for whom standard treatment with antidepressants alone does not work sufficiently. The purpose of the trial is to find out whether a medicine called BI 1358894 helps to improve symptoms of depression. Four different doses of BI 1358894 are tested in the study. Participants continue their standard antidepressant therapy throughout the study. Participants are put into 6 groups by chance. Participants in 4 of the 6 groups take different doses of BI 1358894, and placebo. Participants in the fifth group take quetiapine, a medicine already used to treat depression, and placebo. Participants in the sixth group take placebo only. Participants take BI 1358894, quetiapine, or placebo as tablets twice a day. Placebo tablets look like BI 1358894 or quetiapine tablets but do not contain any medicine. Participants are in the study for about 3 months. During this time, they visit the study site about 8 times and get about 2 phone calls. At the visits, doctors ask participants about their symptoms. The results between the BI 1358894 groups, the quetiapine group, and the placebo group are then compared. The doctors also regularly check the general health of the participants.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2020

open study

NEXUS Aortic Arch Clinical Study to Evaluate Safety and Effectiveness
Endospan Ltd. Aortic Dissection Aortic Aneurysm Intramural Hematoma Penetrating Aortic Ulcer
Prospective, non-randomized, multi-center clinical investigation of the NEXUS™ Aortic Arch Stent Graft System (NEXUSTM) for the treatment of thoracic aortic lesions involving the aortic arch with a proximal landing zone, native or previously implanted surgical graft, in the... expand

Prospective, non-randomized, multi-center clinical investigation of the NEXUS™ Aortic Arch Stent Graft System (NEXUSTM) for the treatment of thoracic aortic lesions involving the aortic arch with a proximal landing zone, native or previously implanted surgical graft, in the ascending aorta and with a brachiocephalic trunk native landing zone.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

Renal Metabolism of Glycolate to Oxalate
University of Alabama at Birmingham Healthy
This study will determine the contribution of glycolate metabolism to urinary oxalate excretion in healthy subjects, using carbon 13 isotope glycolate tracer technique and a low-oxalate controlled diet. expand

This study will determine the contribution of glycolate metabolism to urinary oxalate excretion in healthy subjects, using carbon 13 isotope glycolate tracer technique and a low-oxalate controlled diet.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2020

open study

Embolization of the Middle Meningeal Artery With ONYX™ Liquid Embolic System for Subacute and Chronic...
Medtronic Neurovascular Clinical Affairs Subdural Hematoma
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of embolization of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) using the Onyx™ Liquid Embolic System (LES) for treatment of symptomatic subacute or chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of embolization of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) using the Onyx™ Liquid Embolic System (LES) for treatment of symptomatic subacute or chronic subdural hematoma (SDH)

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

Using FDG-PET/CT to Assess Response of Bone-Dominant Metastatic Breast Cancer, FEATURE Study
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Carcinoma Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Prognostic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8
This phase II trial studies how well FDG-PET/CT works in assessing the response of patients with breast cancer that has spread to the bones or mostly to the bones (bone-dominant metastatic breast cancer). Diagnostic procedures, such as FDG-PET/CT, may work better in measuring... expand

This phase II trial studies how well FDG-PET/CT works in assessing the response of patients with breast cancer that has spread to the bones or mostly to the bones (bone-dominant metastatic breast cancer). Diagnostic procedures, such as FDG-PET/CT, may work better in measuring breast cancer activity before and after treatment compared to other standard imaging tests.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2020

open study

A Study of Tirzepatide (LY3298176) Compared With Dulaglutide on Major Cardiovascular Events in Participants...
Eli Lilly and Company Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
The purpose of the trial is to assess the efficacy and safety of tirzepatide to dulaglutide in participants with type 2 diabetes and increased cardiovascular risk. expand

The purpose of the trial is to assess the efficacy and safety of tirzepatide to dulaglutide in participants with type 2 diabetes and increased cardiovascular risk.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2020

open study

A Safety Study of SEA-TGT (SGN-TGT) in Advanced Cancer
Seagen Inc. Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Gastric Carcinoma Gastroesophageal Junction Carcinoma Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma
This trial will look at a drug called SEA-TGT (also known as SGN-TGT) to find out whether it is safe for patients with solid tumors and lymphomas. It will study SEA-TGT to find out what its side effects are. A side effect is anything the drug does besides treating cancer. It... expand

This trial will look at a drug called SEA-TGT (also known as SGN-TGT) to find out whether it is safe for patients with solid tumors and lymphomas. It will study SEA-TGT to find out what its side effects are. A side effect is anything the drug does besides treating cancer. It will also study whether SEA-TGT works to treat solid tumors and lymphomas. The study will have three parts. Part A of the study will find out how much SEA-TGT should be given to patients. Part B will use the dose found in Part A to find out how safe SEA-TGT is and if it works to treat solid tumors and lymphomas. Part C will study how well SEA-TGT with sasanlimab works to treat solid tumors.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2020

open study

A Study To Evaluate The Efficacy And Safety Of Obinutuzumab In Patients With ISN/RPS 2003 Class III Or...
Hoffmann-La Roche Lupus Nephritis
This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of obinutuzumab compared with placebo in patients with International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) class III or IV lupus nephritis (LN) when added on to standard-of-care therapy consisting... expand

This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of obinutuzumab compared with placebo in patients with International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) class III or IV lupus nephritis (LN) when added on to standard-of-care therapy consisting of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and corticosteroids.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2020

open study

Study of Semaglutide for Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), a Metabolic Syndrome With Insulin...
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) HIV Infections Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of semaglutide on intra-hepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content in people living with HIV (PLWH), central adiposity, insulin resistance or pre-diabetes, and hepatic steatosis. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of semaglutide on intra-hepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content in people living with HIV (PLWH), central adiposity, insulin resistance or pre-diabetes, and hepatic steatosis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2020

open study

Testing the Addition of Radium Therapy (Radium-223 Dichloride) to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment (Paclitaxel)...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Anatomic Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Carcinoma Metastatic Breast Carcinoma Metastatic HER2-Negative Breast Carcinoma Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Bone
This phase II trial studies how well radium-223 dichloride and paclitaxel work in treating patients with advanced breast cancer that has spread to the bones. Radium-223 dichloride is a radioactive drug that behaves in a similar way to calcium and collects in cancer that has... expand

This phase II trial studies how well radium-223 dichloride and paclitaxel work in treating patients with advanced breast cancer that has spread to the bones. Radium-223 dichloride is a radioactive drug that behaves in a similar way to calcium and collects in cancer that has spread to the bones (bone metastases). The radioactive particles in radium-223 dichloride act on bone metastases, killing the tumor cells and reducing the pain that they can cause. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving radium-223 dichloride and paclitaxel may work better in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer compared to paclitaxel alone.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2019

open study

Avelumab With Binimetinib, Sacituzumab Govitecan, or Liposomal Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With...
Hope Rugo, MD Stage III Breast Cancer Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Stage IIIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIC Breast Cancer Stage IV Breast Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well the combination of avelumab with liposomal doxorubicin with or without binimetinib, or the combination of avelumab with sacituzumab govitecan works in treating patients with triple negative breast cancer that is stage IV or is not able to be... expand

This phase II trial studies how well the combination of avelumab with liposomal doxorubicin with or without binimetinib, or the combination of avelumab with sacituzumab govitecan works in treating patients with triple negative breast cancer that is stage IV or is not able to be removed by surgery (unresectable) and has come back (recurrent). Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors like avelumab require activation of the patient's immune system. This trial includes a two week induction or lead-in of medications that can stimulate the immune system. It is our hope that this induction will improve the response to immunotherapy with avelumab. One treatment, sacituzumab Govitecan, is a monoclonal antibody called sacituzumab linked to a chemotherapy drug called SN-38. Sacituzumab govitecan is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of tumor cells, known as Tumor-associated calcium signal transducer 2 (TROP2) receptors, and delivers SN-38 to kill them. Another treatment, liposomal doxorubicin, is a form of the anticancer drug doxorubicin that is contained in very tiny, fat-like particles. It may have fewer side effects and work better than doxorubicin, and may enhance factors associated with immune response. The third medication is called binimetinib, which may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth, and may help activate the immune system. It is not yet known whether giving avelumab in combination with liposomal doxorubicin with or without binimetinib, or the combination of avelumab with sacituzumab govitecan will work better in treating patients with triple negative breast cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Racial Differences in Circadian and Sleep Mechanisms for Nicotine Dependence, Craving, and Withdrawal
University of Alabama at Birmingham Smoking Sleep Disturbance Nicotine Dependence
The number one preventable cause of death in the world is tobacco use. Cigarette smoking in particular, costs an estimated $300 billion due to expenses related to medical care and lost productivity. Despite similar smoking prevalence rates, blacks suffer disproportionately from... expand

The number one preventable cause of death in the world is tobacco use. Cigarette smoking in particular, costs an estimated $300 billion due to expenses related to medical care and lost productivity. Despite similar smoking prevalence rates, blacks suffer disproportionately from smoking-related harms compared to whites.Sleep disparities such as shortened sleep duration, shorter circadian periodicity, earlier chronotype, and increased variability of sleep timing have been reported more frequently in blacks compared to whites. Given that poor sleep quality predicts relapse from smoking cessation programs, particularly among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults, sleep deficiencies and irregular timing of sleep may impact smoking craving and withdrawal symptoms over the course of the 24-hour day. Surprisingly, few studies have examined these temporal patterns of smoking and craving, and none with regard to sleep disruption, chronotype or racial disparities. A better understanding of these factors may explain heterogeneity within the smoking population, especially in minorities. Thus, the purpose of this proposal is to test the central hypothesis that the impact of chronotype and impaired sleep on cigarette usage as well as smoking dependence, urge/craving, and withdrawal depends on race.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2021

open study

Testing the Addition of the Immunotherapy Drug Pembrolizumab to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment (Paclitaxel...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Endometrial Clear Cell Adenocarcinoma Endometrial Dedifferentiated Carcinoma Endometrial Endometrioid Adenocarcinoma Endometrial Mixed Cell Adenocarcinoma Endometrial Serous Adenocarcinoma
This phase III trial studies how well the combination of pembrolizumab, paclitaxel and carboplatin works compared with paclitaxel and carboplatin alone in treating patients with endometrial cancer that is stage III or IV, or has come back (recurrent). Immunotherapy with monoclonal... expand

This phase III trial studies how well the combination of pembrolizumab, paclitaxel and carboplatin works compared with paclitaxel and carboplatin alone in treating patients with endometrial cancer that is stage III or IV, or has come back (recurrent). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Paclitaxel and carboplatin are chemotherapy drugs used as part of the usual treatment approach for this type of cancer. This study aims to assess if adding immunotherapy to these drugs is better or worse than the usual approach for treatment of this cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study