Purpose

Male partners of womoen with recurrent bacteria vaginosis are randomized to treatment with metronidazole or placebo to compare the rates of recurrent BV in the women

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 19 Years and 50 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

Female

1. At least 18 years of age (19 years of age in Alabama due to State law)

2. Sexual partner to a female who meets study eligibility

3. Willingness to provide informed consent

4. Willingness to abstain from sexual intercourse or use condoms {during the study}

5. Willingness to abstain from alcohol for the first week of the study

Inclusion Criteria: Male

1. At least 18 years of age (19 years of age in Alabama due to State law)

2. Heterosexual with a regular partner

3. History of 2 or more episodes of BV in the previous 12 months

4. Symptoms of BV including vaginal discharge and/or odor

5. Positive Amsel criteria for BV including vaginal pH >4.5, positive whiff test, presence of clue cells

6. Willingness to provide informed consent

7. Willingness to abstain from sexual intercourse or use condoms {during the study}

8. Willingness to abstain from alcohol for the first week of the study

Exclusion Criteria

(both genders)

1. Allergy to metronidazole

2. Failure of the male partner to keep his appointment to be seen within 48 hours

3. Pregnant or breast feeding (females)

4. HIV or other chronic disease which in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with the ability to participate in this study

5. Subject requires concurrent lithium, coumadin, dilantin, or antabuse

6. Presence of trichomonas on wet prep of vaginal fluid (females)

7. Women with a history of recurrent BV for >3 years or women who have failed previous treatment studies for BV

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Prevention
Masking
Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Metronidazole
Male Partner: metronidazole 500 mg PO BID x 7days Female Partner: metronidazole 500 mg PO BID x 7days
  • Drug: Metronidazole (male partner)
    500 mg PO BID for 7 days
Placebo Comparator
Placebo
Male Partner: one tablet PO BID for 7 days Female Partner: metronidazole 500 mg PO BID x 7days
  • Other: Placeob (male partner)
    matching placebo capsules PO BID for 7 days

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02209519
Status
Active, not recruiting
Sponsor
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Study Contact

Detailed Description

This study will be performed as a phase III randomized, double-blinded trial to evaluate the efficacy of 1) metronidazole 500 mg PO BID for 7 days versus 2) placebo capsules alone for treatment of the male sexual partner of women with recurrent BV. The primary outcome is the rates of recurrent BV between these two groups. Although this is a phase III study we will carefully monitor potential toxicity in the males since it is currently not standard of care to treat males for this indication.

Women with symptomatic BV defined by Amsel criteria 1 and no evidence of STD will be invited to participate. Inclusion criteria are that the woman be at least 18 years of age, heterosexual, have symptoms of vaginal odor and/or discharge, meet the modified clinical (Amsel) criteria for BV (all must have a vaginal pH of >4.5, a positive whiff test, and clue cells to be eligible), have an enrollment Nugent score of 7 or greater, and a history of 2 or more episodes of BV in the previous year. She must have a regular current sex partner who would be willing to participate. We will exclude women who have had recurrent BV for greater than 3 years as well as women who have failed previous treatment studies since it is likely that these women are having recurrent BV as a result of relapse of the BV biofilm as opposed to reinfection.

Follow-up visits will be conducted at day 21, 8 and 16 weeks. At each follow-up visit, a questionnaire will be administered, diary reviewed, pelvic examination conducted and specimens (Gram stain, Amsel criteria, G vaginalis culture and detection of novel organisms) obtained as done at the enrollment visit. Participants will be asked to return the medication packages, a standard way of assessing adherence to the regimen. Cure will be ascertained using the clinical criteria for BV of Amsel 1 as well as the Nugent scoring system 16. The persistence or disappearance of specific organisms will be analyzed in relationship to these standard definitions of cure. Women who fail initial therapy or have recurrence of symptomatic BV during the course of the study will be re-treated with 7 days of metronidazole and dropped from the study at that time. Any woman found to have a positive screening test for gonorrhea or chlamydia will be treated appropriately and instructed to notify her partner of the need to be treated. Women with intercurrent vaginal yeast infections, which may occur, will be treated with oral fluconazole and continued in the study. Women with a positive culture for trichomonas will be dropped from the study as their male partners will require treatment with metronidazole.

Male Study Procedures

Males referred by their female sexual partner will be seen within 48 hours of enrollment of the female. Males will be consented and asked behavioral and historical questions using a gender appropriate questionnaire, with special emphasis on number of current sexual partners. A couple verification screening tool will be utilized to be certain they are current sexual partners48. The confidentiality of their answers will be emphasized. They will be examined and a urethral swab specimen obtained to be used for G vaginalis culture and then archived. Following the swabs, two external swabs from the coronal sulcus and a 10 ml first void urine specimen will be obtained. These specimens will also be used for G vaginalis culture and archived for possible use in detection of novel organisms. The urine will also be used for NAATS for N gonorrhoeae and C trachomatis and for the determining the presence or absence of Gardnerella biofilm24. They will then be randomized to one of two treatment arms:

1. Metronidazole 500 mg PO twice a day for 7 days .

2. Placebo capsules PO twice a day for 7 days.

Both arms will also contain an instruction sheet on metronidazole.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.