Purpose

The purpose of this study is to test the effects of an innovative exercise program referred to as movement-2-music (M2M) on health and fitness outcomes in adults with physical/mobility disabilities. One hundred and eight participants with physical/mobility disabilities will be recruited and randomly enrolled into one of two groups: a) M2M or b) waitlist control. The primary aim of this study is to determine the effects of a 12-week M2M program on health and fitness in participants with physical/mobility disabilities who are in one of three functional mobility groups: 1) Group I - only able to exercise while sitting, 2) Group II - able to exercise sitting and standing with/without support, and 3) Group III - able to exercise one side of the body more than the other side. The second aim is to compare the observed effects of the program in this study to a previous M2M study that groups participants based on disability type. The third aim of this study is to test whether adherence (defined as attendance to the 12-week program) affects the effects of M2M in participants with physical/mobility disabilities. The potential influences of different functional mobility and disabilities of participants on how the program affects participants' health and fitness outcomes will also be tested.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 70 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Primary diagnosis of head injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, spina bifida, Parkinson disease, cerebral palsy by a physician
  • Able to use upper limbs and/or lower limbs to exercise and follow instructions
  • Physician clearance to participate
  • Willing to participate in an exercise program three times per week
  • Conversant in and reads English

Exclusion Criteria

  • Participate in an exercise intervention or a similar intervention in the last 6 months
  • Current smoker or recently quit less than 6 months prior
  • Cognitive impairment (Folstein's Mini-Mental State Exam score <24)
  • Presence of active pressure ulcer
  • Any contraindications to exercise based on the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines
  • Visual acuity that prevents following a group exercise class
  • Significant hearing impairment impeding ability to hear music to engage in exercise

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Other
Masking
Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Movement-2-Music (M2M)
Participants in the M2M arm will participate in an intervention that involves three 60-minute M2M sessions per week for 12 weeks. At the beginning and end of each session, vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure and peripheral capillary oxygen saturation) are obtained from participants. Heart rate is monitored throughout the session. Participants rate perceived exertion, pain, and fatigue level on a log. Participants set weekly exercise goals and expectations at first session of each week. Participants also record daily activities using a provided log.
  • Other: Movement-2-Music (M2M)
    The M2M intervention involves three 60-minute sessions per week for 12 weeks. The intervention uses combinations of movement patterns that target range of motion, muscle strength, cardiorespiratory fitness, balance, and breathing. Each session consists of movement routines choreographed to music, and every routine can be adapted to participants' functional ability.
No Intervention
Waitlist Control
Participants in the waitlist control arm are instructed to maintain their usual activities during the 12-week intervention period and are asked to record their activities on a provided log.

Recruiting Locations

UAB/Lakeshore Research Collaborative
Birmingham, Alabama 35209
Contact:
Hui-Ju Young, PhD
205-403-5521
hjyoung@uab.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03797378
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Study Contact

Hui-Ju Young, PhD
2054035521
hjyoung@uab.edu

Detailed Description

The proposed intervention efficacy trial will examine a rhythmic-based movement-2-music (M2M) intervention with 108 adults with physical/mobility disabilities who will be randomized into one of two groups: a) M2M or b) waitlist control. The primary aim is to determine the effects of a 12-week M2M intervention on physical and psychosocial health outcomes in participants with physical/mobility disabilities who are classified into three functional mobility groups: 1) Group I - only able to exercise while sitting, 2) Group II - able to exercise sitting and standing with/without support, and 3) Group III - able to exercise one side of the body more than the other side. The secondary aim is to compare effect sizes of the physical health outcomes including cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and lower extremity function obtained in the current study to a previous M2M trial that grouped participants based on disability type. The tertiary aim of this study is to explore whether adherence (defined in terms of attendance to the 12-week intervention) moderates effects of M2M in participants with physical/mobility disabilities. The heterogeneity of treatment effect across the physical health outcomes will also be examined using functional mobility and disability groups as moderators.

Participants will complete a set of assessments at baseline and after the 12-week intervention period. They will also be asked to complete the questionnaire portion of the assessments every 6 months and the entire set of assessments every year for up to 5 years. The assessments include cardiorespiratory fitness measured using sub-maximal arm ergometer, grip strength measured suing hand-held dynamometer, lower extremity function measured using the Short Physical Performance Battery and the Timed Up and Go test as well as questionnaires that assess health-related quality of life (NIH PROMIS 10 Global Health Items, NIH PROMIS Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities), physical activity (Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire), exercise self-efficacy (Exercise Self-efficacy Scale), exercise goal-setting (Exercise Goal-setting Scale), outcome expectation for exercise (Multidimensional Outcomes Expectations for Exercise Scale), social support (Social Provision Scale) and barriers in physical activity (Barriers in Physical Activity Questionnaire). In addition, at the end of the 12-week intervention, participants will be interviewed about their study experience and perceived impact of M2M on their fitness and health.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.