Purpose

Using a highly innovative methodology, the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST), the purpose of this study is to pilot test, for the first time, an optimization trial approach to develop and refine the decision partnering skills of family caregivers of persons with newly-diagnosed advanced cancer. Using a 2x2x2 full factorial design, 40 family caregivers of persons with newly-diagnosed advanced cancer will be randomized to receive one or more nurse coach-delivered decision partnering training components, based on the Ottawa Decision Support Framework and Social Support Effectiveness Theory4: 1) psychoeducation on effective decision partnering principles (1 vs. 3 sessions); 2) decision partnering communication training (yes vs. no); and 3) Ottawa Decision Guide training (yes vs. no).

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Criteria


FAMILY CAREGIVERS

Inclusion:

1. ≥18 years of age;

2. Self-endorsing or identified by the patient as "a relative, friend, or partner that
has a close relationship with you and who assists you with your medical decisions and
who may or may not live in the same residence as you and who is not paid for their
help";

3. Caring for a patient with advanced-stage cancer (see definition under Patient
Inclusion criteria below);

4. Caregivers will need to have an agreeable patient willing to participate in the study
(for data collection only);

5. English-speaking and able to complete baseline measures; and

6. Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and be available for the
duration of the study.

Exclusion:

1) Self-reported active severe mental illness (i.e., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or
major depressive disorder), dementia, active suicidal ideation, uncorrected hearing loss,
or active substance abuse

PATIENTS

Inclusion:

1. ≥18 years of age;

2. Diagnosed within past 60-90 days of initial pre-screening with an advanced cancer,
defined as metastatic and/or recurrent/progressive stage III/IV cancer, including
brain, lung, breast, gynecologic, head and neck, gastrointestinal, genitourinary
cancer, melanoma; and hematologic malignancies;

3. English-speaking and able to complete baseline measures; and

4. Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and be available for the
duration of the study.

Exclusion:

1) Medical record documentation of active severe mental illness (i.e., schizophrenia,
bipolar disorder, or major depressive disorder), dementia, active suicidal ideation,
uncorrected hearing loss, or active substance abuse.

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Factorial Assignment
Intervention Model Description
2x2x2 full factorial pilot randomized trial
Primary Purpose
Supportive Care
Masking
Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description
Data collectors and principal investigator will be blind to participant condition; participants will be instructed NOT to discuss their assignment with data collectors. Trials participants will know their intervention condition as will the nurse coach involved in delivering the intervention.

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Basic social support + communication + Ottawa guide
3 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support, tips for good communication, and decision support tools
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Basic social support + communication
2 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support and tips for good communication
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Basic social support + Ottawa guide
2 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support and decision support tools
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Basic social support only
1 in-person/telephone weekly session on providing decision social support
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Advanced social support + communication + Ottawa guide
5 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support, tips for good communication, and decision support tools
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Advanced social support + communication
4 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support and tips for good communication
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Advanced social support + Ottawa guide
4 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support and decision support tools
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.
Experimental
Advanced social support only
3 in-person/telephone weekly sessions on providing decision social support
  • Behavioral: CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners)
    CASCADE (CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners) is a multicomponent, nurse coach-led supportive care intervention designed to increase family caregivers' skills in providing decision support to individuals with advanced cancer. In a series of weekly, one-on-one, 15-20 minute, in-person or telephone sessions, family caregivers receive psychoeducation on principles of providing effective social support and decision partnering, decision support communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training.

Recruiting Locations

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama 35226
Contact:
Marilyn Doss, MA
205-934-3789
irb@uab.edu

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03947606
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Study Contact

James N Dionne-Odom, PhD
2059347597
dionneod@uab.edu

Detailed Description

A priority focus in palliative care, oncology, and geriatrics is preparing the 2.8 million U.S. family caregivers of persons with cancer to effectively partner with patients in healthcare decision-making from diagnosis to the end of life. Over 70% of patients with cancer report involvement by relatives, friends, and partners in healthcare decisions, including choices about cancer treatments, surgery, transitions and location of care, accessing palliative and hospice care, and many others. Hence, there is a critical need to train cancer family caregivers to be supportive of patient decision-making; however, few palliative care interventions exist that enhance skills in effective decision partnering. Patients making healthcare decisions with unprepared family caregivers may experience inadequate family decision support leading to heightened distress and receipt of care/treatments inconsistent with their values and preferences. This in turn may increase distress for family caregivers.

Becoming better decision partners with patients is one among several skills targeted within our evidence-based model of early concurrent oncology palliative care for family caregivers. Decision partnering relevant content for family caregivers has included principles of effective social support, communication, and Ottawa Decision Guide training; however it is unknown which of these components and component interactions influences patient and caregiver decision-making outcomes. Traditional research approaches typically treat interventions as "bundled" treatment packages, making it difficult to assess definitively which aspects of an intervention can be reduced, eliminated, or replaced to improve efficiency. Using traditional research methods (e.g., two-arm randomized controlled trials that test new features one at a time) requires conducting multiple studies, which is an exorbitantly expensive and time consuming process. This paradox prompts us to consider methodologies that may offer a more efficient way to test multiple intervention components simultaneously.

Using a highly innovative methodology, the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST), the purpose of this study is to pilot test, for the first time, an optimization trial approach to develop and refine the decision partnering skills of family caregivers of persons with newly-diagnosed advanced cancer (CASCADE: CAre Supporters Coached to be Adept DEcision partners). Using a 2x2x2 factorial design, 40 family caregivers of persons with newly-diagnosed advanced cancer will be randomized to receive one or more nurse coach-delivered decision partnering training components, based on the Ottawa Decision Support Framework and Social Support Effectiveness Theory4: 1) psychoeducation on effective decision partnering and social support principles (1 vs. 3 sessions); 2) decision support communication training (yes vs. no); and 3) Ottawa Decision Guide training (yes vs. no).

This study's conceptual foundations incorporate Rini's Social Support Effectiveness Theory and the Ottawa Decision Support Framework. Caregiver decision partnering training is designed to modify family caregiver skills, including their ability to: 1) provide effective social support through psychoeducation on key social support principles that will optimize emotional and informational support to patients; 2) elicit patient decisional needs, including patient values, preferences, and coping through better decision support communication, enhancing the quantity of decision-making conversations; and 3) provide structured decision support using an evidence-based tool (i.e., the Ottawa Decision Guide, see Appendix) to help patients clarify choices and guide deliberation through Ottawa decision guide training, reducing patient decision conflict. Modification of these skills and improvement in patient mediating outcomes is hypothesized to lead to more positive decisional influence from the patient's perspective and better patient and caregiver mood.

The specific aims of this study are to:

Aim 1: Determine the feasibility and acceptability of using a highly innovative experimental design to enroll and retain 40 caregivers for 24 weeks to complete 1 or more components of caregiver decision partnering training. Feasibility: ≥80% of participants will adhere to and complete assigned intervention components and study-related assessments. Acceptability: Through post-intervention qualitative interviews, the investigators will elicit feedback from caregiver participants on intervention experiences and clinical trial procedures.

Aim 2: Explore the preliminary efficacy of individual decision partnering training components and component interactions on patient and caregiver outcomes at 12 and 24 weeks after baseline, including a) patient-reported positive decision influence (primary) using Rini's Decision Influence Scale and b) patient and caregiver mood (depression/anxiety symptoms) using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

Exploratory Aim: Explore mediators and moderators (e.g., sociodemographics, coping, social support, decisional conflict) of the relationship between intervention components and patient and caregiver outcomes.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.