Purpose

Abstract Introduction: Urgency Urinary Incontinence (UUI) is a common condition with a prevalence of 9-31% in women in the United States. Despite current treatments, a high number of women have symptoms refractory to first- and second-line treatment approaches. Aims: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to compare the efficacy of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) and mirabegron treatment versus PTNS with placebo on change in the number of UUI episodes over a 12-week treatment course. Secondary aims include comparing the efficacy of combined treatment of PTNS and mirabegron versus PTNS with placebo on improvement in urinary incontinence symptom specific distress and quality of life related to UUI over a 12-week course of PTNS. Methods: A total of 54 consented participants will be recruited and randomized with 27 patients in the PTNS with mirabegron (daily 50 mg dose for the 12-week course) group and 27 patients in the PTNS with placebo group. Demographics and baseline data will be analyzed by student's t-test and chi-squared test or Fischer's Exact test as appropriate. Hypothesis: We anticipate that combination therapy will prove superior to monotherapy for reducing the number of UUI episodes over a 12-week treatment course.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  • Female patients > 18 years old at UAB facilities with refractory urgency urinary incontinence that have failed first line and second line treatments - Ability to consent - Ability to complete all study related items and interviews

Exclusion Criteria

  • Patients with a history of any known or determined urinary retention or urinary tract obstruction - PVR > 150 ml in clinic prior to the start of PTNS - History of bladder augmentation surgery - Patients who are pregnant or who have the suspicion of pregnancy - Uncontrolled hypertension - Hypersensitivity to mirabegron - Superficial and/or deep skin infection where PTNS intervention is required - Spinal cord injury or clinically significant neurological disorders known to affect urgency urinary incontinence - Bleeding diathesis - Failure of previous third line treatment options such as sacral neuromodulation, PTNS, or Botox - Pacemaker, implantable defibrillator - Current use of Interstim sacral nerve stimulator or TENS in the pelvic region, back, or legs - Coagulopathy - Chronic swollen, infected, inflamed skin or skin eruptions (e.g., phlebitis, thrombophlebitis, varicose veins) in the region where the PTNS needles or surface electrodes would be placed - Metal implant in foot/toes near TENS electrode location - Marked sensory deficit (numbness) of feet or ankles in the region where the PTNS needles or surface electrodes would be placed - Currently pregnant or planning to become pregnant during the course of the study - Unwilling to use acceptable form of contraceptive if the participant is of childbearing potential - Unable or unwilling to complete the 3-day bladder diary - Visual impairment prohibiting reading the paper diary - Inability to provide informed consent, complete questionnaires independently, or to attend intervention sessions - Unable to speak, read, or write in English

Study Design

Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation with Mirabegron
One arm of the study will receive PTNS combined with mirabegron. In the PTNS with mirabegron arm, the patient will take a 50 mg dose daily for 12 weeks of the trial. This arm of the study will have 27 patients randomized to this arm of the study. The percutaneous approach entails insertion of a 36-gauge needle electrode at a 60 degree angle approximately 5 cm or 3 finger breadths cephalad to the medial malleolus and posterior to the tibia. A portable electrical stimulator delivers an adjustable current in the range of 0.5-9 mA. The generators commonly are set for a pulse frequency of 20 Hz with a goal of creating a motor and/or sensory response in the foot. The stimulation sessions last for 30 min once per week for 12 continuous weeks.
  • Drug: Mirabegron 50 MG
    Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation with Mirabegron vs. Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation Plus Placebo
    Other names:
    • Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS)
  • Device: Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS)
    Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation with Mirabegron vs. Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation Plus Placebo
Placebo Comparator
Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation Plus Placebo
The other arm of the study will receive PTNS with placebo. In the PTNS with placebo arm, the patient will receive a placebo daily during the 12-week trial. PTNS will be performed as described: The percutaneous approach entails insertion of a 36-gauge needle electrode at a 60 degree angle approximately 5 cm or 3 finger breadths cephalad to the medial malleolus and posterior to the tibia. A portable electrical stimulator delivers an adjustable current in the range of 0.5-9 mA. The generators commonly are set for a pulse frequency of 20 Hz with a goal of creating a motor and/or sensory response in the foot. The stimulation sessions last for 30 min once per week for 12 continuous weeks.
  • Device: Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation (PTNS)
    Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation with Mirabegron vs. Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation Plus Placebo

Recruiting Locations

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama 35249
Contact:
Russell F Stanley, DO
325-829-8315
russellstanley@uabmc.edu

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Study Contact

Russell Stanley, DO
3258298315
russellstanley@uabmc.edu

Detailed Description

Specific Aims: Introduction/Background: Urgency Urinary Incontinence (UUI) remains a challenging clinical problem for urogynecologists as they treat women and seek to find better therapies. There is a wealth of literature addressing individual therapies for first, second, and third line treatments for UUI. There are three main third line treatment options for UUI including percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS), sacral neuromodulation, and intradetrusor botox. At the current time, there are limited studies that have looked at a combination of second and third-line therapy therapies for UUI. While some anticholinergic medications have been studied in combination with percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) such as solifenacin, tolterodine, and trospium, there is limited data on the combination of mirabegron, a beta-3 agonist, and PTNS for treatment of refractory UUI. The studies that looked at anticholinergic medications in combination with PTNS revealed improvement in UUI compared to PTNS plus placebo. However, there are patients who do not tolerate anticholinergic medications well because of side effects. A relatively new finding as reported by the American Urogynecologic Society (AUGS) about avoiding anticholinergic medications in women greater than age 70 secondary to increased risk for cognitive impairment, dementia, and Alzheimer's disease is further impetus to conduct this trial [1]. The rationale for studying mirabegron in combination with PTNS versus PTNS plus placebo is important as mirabegron does not have the significant side effect profile that anticholinergic medications have and better tolerated in the older population. Therefore, more research should be performed to evaluate the effect of the combination of mirabegron and PTNS for refractory UUI. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the combination of PTNS and mirabegron and compare that to PTNS plus placebo in the treatment of refractory UUI. Hypothesis: Combination therapy of PTNS and mirabegron, a beta-3 agonist, will contribute to greater improvement in the number of urgency urinary incontinence episodes as measured by a 3-day bladder diary compared to PTNS plus placebo in women. Method: This is a randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of combination therapy with PTNS plus mirabegron to PTNS plus placebo in women with refractory urgency urinary incontinence. Primary Aim: The primary aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of combined treatment of PTNS and mirabegron versus PTNS plus placebo on change in the number of UUI episodes at 12 weeks. Secondary Aims: - Comparing urinary symptom specific distress and quality of life over a 12-week course of PTNS. - Comparing the side effect/adverse event profile of combined treatment of PTNS and mirabegron versus PTNS plus placebo over a 12-week course of PTNS - Comparing the treatment efficacy and adverse events of combined treatment of PTNS and mirabegron versus PTNS plus placebo in women > 70 years of age as a sub analysis within the study

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.