Oxalate-Driven Host Responses in Kidney Stone Disease
This study is looking to understand the role of oxalate on kidney stone development and immunity. This study will enroll healthy participants and participants with calcium oxalate kidney stones (CaOx KS). Participants will be in this study for about 3 weeks, consume controlled diets, and provide blood and urine specimens.
- Kidney Stones
- Eligible Ages
- Between 18 Years and 60 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Men and women between the ages of 18 and 60 years old. - Able to provide informed consent. - BMI between 20-30 kg/m2. - Non-tobacco users or not pregnant/breastfeeding/nursing. - Normal fasting blood comprehensive metabolic panel, complete blood count, C-reactive protein, and urinalysis. Must accurately collect two 24-hour urine collections within 20% of the appropriate ratio of creatinine (mg)/body weight (kg) for respective gender. - Healthy subjects: No history of CaOx KS or other medical conditions. - Patients with CaOx KS: Recent stone composition > 50% CaOx; no uric acid, struvite, or carbonate apatite stone content. Must be first-time or recurrent CaOx stone former (last stone event ≤ 3 years). - Willing to not consume supplements (i.e. vitamins, Ca (citrate or carbonate) and other minerals, herbal supplements, nutritional aids, and probiotics) for 2 weeks before the study and during the study. - Willing to abstain from vigorous exercise during the study as this may compromise immune function. - Willing to consume diets provided only by the UAB CCTS Bionutrition Core. No food allergies or intolerance to any of the foods on the study menus. - Willing to accurately collect 24-hour urine samples, and to have blood drawn throughout the study. - If on medications for KS prevention (e.g. thiazides, citrate supplementation excluding calcium citrate), patients must be on a stable dose regimen for at least 8 weeks prior to and during screening, with no changes in dosing anticipated during the study. Patients should not take allopurinol for 2 weeks prior to screening since allopurinol has antioxidant properties.
- Failure to meet the inclusion criteria or physician refusal. - Inability to sign and read the informed consent. - Any medical, psychiatric, or social conditions that would prohibit participants from abiding by the study requirements. - BMI ˃30 kg/m2 and <20 kg/m2 - Tobacco users or pregnant or breastfeeding/nursing women. - Abnormal fasting blood comprehensive metabolic panel, complete blood count, C-reactive protein, and urinalysis. Inaccurate 24-hour urine collections. - Healthy subjects: Currently taking or have recently taken medications within the last 3 months (i.e. antibiotics) or dietary supplements. History of KS or any medical condition that could influence absorption or excretion of oxalate. - Active illness including COVID-19, flu, common cold, fever, diarrhea, urinary tract infections, or other infections 14 days before the study and throughout the study.
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Crossover Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- Basic Science
- Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
|Healthy participants will randomly receive either high (250mg) or low (40mg) oxalate diet for for four days, a ten day "washout" period on a self-selected diet, and finally the opposite diet from the first for the last four days.||
Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stone
|Calcium oxalate kidney stone participants will randomly receive either high (250mg) or low (40mg) oxalate diet for for four days, a ten day "washout" period on a self-selected diet, and finally the opposite diet from the first for the last four days.||
Birmingham, Alabama 35294
Tanecia Mitchell, PhD
- University of Alabama at Birmingham
Study ContactTanecia Mitchell, PhD
The purpose of this longitudinal study is to examine the effects of dietary oxalate on nanocrystalluria and the immune system. Oxalate is a small molecule found in plants and plant-derived food. It has been shown that meals containing high amounts of oxalate can increase urinary oxalate excretion, which is a risk factor for calcium oxalate kidney stones (CaOx KS). Small increases in oxalate can stimulate urinary crystals to form which can elicit an immune response. This study consists of having healthy subjects and patients with CaOx KS consume both low and oxalate enriched diets to evaluate the effect of oxalate on urinary crystals and immune responses. Participants will receive a low or high oxalate diet for 4 days prior to having a wash-out period for 6 days. Participants will then crossover to the opposite oxalate diet for four more days.