The goal of this clinical trial is to compare treatment outcomes between an oral medication (beta agonist) versus onabotulinumtoxinA injections in women with urgency urinary incontinence (UUI). Participants will be randomly selected to receive one of the two treatments. The primary outcome measure will be at 3 months, and women will be followed for a total of 12 months. Based on patient expert input, there are 2 primary outcomes: Treatment satisfaction and urinary symptom severity.



Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

*: 1. 18 years or older 2. report at least "quite a bit bothered" or worse by their UUI defined by response to OAB-q-SS item #8 "How bothered are you by urine loss associated with a strong desire to urinate?" 3. are not and do not plan to become pregnant 4. have persistent UUI defined as previous unsuccessful results after conservative and anticholinergic treatment, or are unable to tolerate or have contraindications to anticholinergics 5. are currently not taking anticholinergics or are willing to stop medication for 3 weeks prior to enrollment. 6. for participants reporting mixed urinary incontinence symptoms, participant must (a) have less bother from SUI than from UUI, defined as a response of "Not at all bothered" or only "a little bit bothered" by SUI on the Urogenital Distress Inventory item "Do you experience urine leakage related to physical activity? (walking, running, laughing, sneezing, coughing), and (b) SUI symptoms be stable (> 3 months), and (c)participant does not desire additional treatment for SUI in the upcoming 3 months. 7. Participants after unsuccessful neuromodulation trial can be eligible after a 4-week washout period.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. clinical contraindication to beta-3 agonist or onabotulinumtoxinA 2. prior therapeutic trial of either study treatment 3. unevaluated hematuria, current or prior bladder malignancy 4. surgically altered detrusor muscle 5. prior pelvic radiation 6. post-void residual >150 mL in past 3 months 7. neurogenic bladder 8. pelvic floor surgery within the past 3 months 9. anticipating pelvic surgery within primary outcome follow up period (3 months)

Study Design

Phase 4
Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description
At 3 months, the effect of treatment with beta agonist oral medication or onabotulinumtoxinA will be evaluated within a classic RCT model. The analysis will determine the effect of treatment on the co-primary outcomes: Treatment satisfaction and urinary symptom severity.
Primary Purpose
Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description
Due to the nature of the interventions, masking of patients will not be possible; however, outcome assessors will be masked. Masked staff will not be able to see certain forms that may result in unmasking. All PROs will be administered prior to any clinical assessments to minimize bias that may occur due to clinical evaluation.

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Active Comparator
Beta-3 receptor agonist oral medication
Selective beta-3 receptor agonist oral medication approved for the treatment of urgency urinary incontinence including mirabegron or vibegron. Usual clinical care standards will be used for prescribing and dosing changes. For mirabegron, dosages are 25 mg and 50 mg as clinically indicated. For vibegron, dosage is 75 mg daily by mouth as clinically indicated.
  • Drug: Beta3-Agonists, Adrenergic [Mirabegron/Vibegron]
    The beta-agonist oral medication will be prescribed and dose adjusted per usual care.
Active Comparator
Intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA
OnabotulinumtoxinA at a dose of 100 units will be injected into the bladder per usual care pathways.
  • Drug: OnabotulinumtoxinA 100 UNT [Botox]
    OnabotulinumtoxinA will be prepared by dissolving 100 units into 10 ml of injectable saline. The injection will be an office based procedure, performed per usual care.
    Other names:
    • Botox

Recruiting Locations

University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama 35233
Sunita Patel

More Details

Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island

Study Contact

Ann Meers, BS, RN

Detailed Description

The purpose of this study is to directly compare 2 primary outcomes (Treatment satisfaction and urinary symptom severity) between beta agonist oral medication versus onabotulinumtoxinA intradetrusor bladder injection for the treatment of UUI. The study will also compare secondary outcomes identified as important by patients. At the end of the study, the investigators will have patient and stakeholder-derived comparative outcomes between these 2 commonly available treatment categories. A stakeholder and community engagement (CE) plan will be developed and implemented. The investigators will also develop a model to help guide patients and providers through this decision process. SPECIFIC AIMS Specific Aim 1: Compare the efficacy of beta agonist versus onabotulinumtoxinA on patient-important treatment outcomes at 3 months in women with UUI. This multi-center, randomized clinical trial (RCT) includes 5 sites across the U.S. Two co-primary outcomes will be measured using validated patient-reported outcomes (PROs), selected by patients: Co-primary outcome 1: Symptom severity, measured by change in Overactive Bladder Questionnaire-Symptom Bother Scale (OAB-q-SS) score. Co-primary outcome 2: Treatment satisfaction, measured by the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Treatment Satisfaction-General (FACIT-TS-G), powered based on a single item. Specific Aim 2: Compare secondary patient-important outcomes. Direct comparisons between intervention effects on secondary outcomes chosen by patients and stakeholders, including adverse events, UUI quality of life, global improvement, and sexual function. Specific Aim 3: Use predictive modeling to help stakeholders better determine expected outcomes after treatment with beta agonist versus onabotulinumtoxinA. Comparators: Beta agonist oral medication (mirabegron or vibegron) versus intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA. Both beta-agonists and onabotulinumtoxinA are US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the treatment of UUI, and widely available options with established efficacy. 432 women will be randomly assigned to each treatment option: 216 to beta agonist oral medication and 216 to intradetrusor onabotulintoxinA. Women will be undergo outcomes assessments at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. The primary outcome measure will be at 3 months.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.