475 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Physical Therapy After Reverse Total Shoulder Arthroplasty
University of Alabama at Birmingham Orthopedic Disorder
A common operation for various shoulder conditions is a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). In cases with severe rotator cuff tears or other conditions, a variant of the procedure called a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty may be performed. It is unclear whether or not patients... expand

A common operation for various shoulder conditions is a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA). In cases with severe rotator cuff tears or other conditions, a variant of the procedure called a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty may be performed. It is unclear whether or not patients require formal physical therapy (as opposed to no physical therapy with recommended avoided movements) after reverse TSA. Orthopaedic surgeons have varying opinions on the postoperative rehabilitation protocol for reverse TSA, with some surgeons not prescribing any physical therapy. The purpose of this study is to randomize patients into two groups: one that sees a physical therapist after their reverse TSA, and one that is provided with actions not to perform and are allowed to self-rehabilitate.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2019

open study

Activity and Balanced Eating to Reduce Comorbidities and Symptoms of MS
University of Alabama at Birmingham Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of irreversible neurological disability among young women and the second leading cause of disability among young men in the U.S. Cardiometabolic risk factors including obesity and hyperlipidemia are common among people with MS, and... expand

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of irreversible neurological disability among young women and the second leading cause of disability among young men in the U.S. Cardiometabolic risk factors including obesity and hyperlipidemia are common among people with MS, and these risk factors are associated with severity and frequency of MS relapses and disease progression. People with MS often experience symptoms of pain, fatigue, and depression, which make adhering to a healthy lifestyle difficult, as evidenced by the high rates of unhealthy behaviors including poor diet and physical inactivity among this group. Physical activity has reduced symptoms of MS and improved metabolic risk profiles, but little research has focused on the role of a dietary intervention combined with physical activity in this group. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of a combined diet and physical activity intervention for reducing cardiometabolic risks and MS symptoms when compared to a physical activity intervention alone.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2019

open study

Late Permissive Hypercapnia for Intubated and Ventilated Preterm Infants
University of Alabama at Birmingham Premature Neonate
Preterm infants, less than 37 weeks gestation with respiratory distress syndrome, who remain ventilated between 7 and 14 days after birth will be randomized to a ventilator strategy of either a higher level of permissive hypercapnia or of a lower level of permissive hypercapnia... expand

Preterm infants, less than 37 weeks gestation with respiratory distress syndrome, who remain ventilated between 7 and 14 days after birth will be randomized to a ventilator strategy of either a higher level of permissive hypercapnia or of a lower level of permissive hypercapnia to determine if either strategy will increase the number of alive ventilator-free days in the 28 days after randomization.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2015

open study

Liver X Receptor (LXR) as a Novel Therapeutic Target in Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)
University of Alabama at Birmingham Diabetic Retinopathy
Results from large clinical trials demonstrate a strong association between lipid abnormalities and progression of the most common microvascular complication, diabetic retinopathy (DR). We found that activation of a master regulator of cholesterol metabolism, the nuclear hormone... expand

Results from large clinical trials demonstrate a strong association between lipid abnormalities and progression of the most common microvascular complication, diabetic retinopathy (DR). We found that activation of a master regulator of cholesterol metabolism, the nuclear hormone receptors liver X receptors (LXRα/LXRβ), prevents DR in rodent models. In this application, we seek to understand the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of LXR agonists on retina and on bone marrow (BM) to preserve the function of reparative cells while reducing inflammatory cell.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

Exercise Training Effects on Cognition and Brain Function in Multiple Sclerosis: Project EXACT
University of Alabama at Birmingham Multiple Sclerosis Cognitive Impairment
Cognitive impairment is highly prevalent, poorly-managed, and disabling in persons with MS and exercise training might represent a promising approach to manage this symptom of the disease. The proposed study aims to examine the effects of 3-months of supervised, progressive (both... expand

Cognitive impairment is highly prevalent, poorly-managed, and disabling in persons with MS and exercise training might represent a promising approach to manage this symptom of the disease. The proposed study aims to examine the effects of 3-months of supervised, progressive (both intensity and duration) treadmill walking exercise training (designed based on pilot work and American College of Sports Medicine guidelines) compared with an active control condition (i.e., stretching-and-toning activities) on cognitive processing speed and functional MRI outcomes in 88 cognitively-impaired persons with MS. This study is critical for providing evidence supporting treadmill walking exercise training as a behavioral approach for managing slowed cognitive processing speed (i.e., the most common MS-related cognitive impairment) and improving brain health in persons with MS.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2019

open study

To Compare the Effectiveness of 3 Different Types of Lens and Lens Coating in Eliminating Symptoms for...
University of Alabama at Birmingham Concussion, Mild Convergence Insufficiency Accommodation; Insufficiency
Recent studies have shown children who sustain a concussion are susceptible to having chronic symptoms (post-concussion syndrome). This chronicity can lead to delays in returning to learn and returning to play. Blurry vision, double vision, eye strain and eye tracking problems are... expand

Recent studies have shown children who sustain a concussion are susceptible to having chronic symptoms (post-concussion syndrome). This chronicity can lead to delays in returning to learn and returning to play. Blurry vision, double vision, eye strain and eye tracking problems are some of the reported chronic symptoms that can affect patients' daily activities. Concussion awareness has increased recently and there is a surge of interest to better understand and treat the symptoms of post-concussion syndrome. Currently, ocular treatment for patients are often empirically determined. Common treatments are vision therapy and/or bifocal glasses. There has yet to be any standardization or prospective studies looking into treatment for these concussed patients with ocular symptoms and findings. The objective of this protocol is to compare three different types of glasses (typical prescription glasses for kids, typical glasses for kids with anti-glare coating, and progressive addition lenses with anti-glare coating) as treatment options for participants who are still symptomatic four weeks out from their concussion. The main outcome is the effectiveness of these three different options in reducing patients' symptoms and improving the participants' visual findings.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

A Multi-Center Trial to Study Acute Liver Failure in Adults
William Lee Acute Liver Failure Fulminant Hepatic Failure Acute Liver Injury
The purpose of this study is to collect clinical and epidemiological data as well as serum, plasma, urine, tissue and DNA samples on individuals who have acute liver failure and on individuals who have acute liver injury, a less severe group of patients who have coagulopathy... expand

The purpose of this study is to collect clinical and epidemiological data as well as serum, plasma, urine, tissue and DNA samples on individuals who have acute liver failure and on individuals who have acute liver injury, a less severe group of patients who have coagulopathy but do not reach the threshold of encephalopathy.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 1998

open study

Trial of Pembrolizumab for Advanced Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma
University of Alabama at Birmingham Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) is relatively rare but exhibits higher incidences in less developed countries. PSCC is a highly aggressive malignancy characterized by early spread. Pembrolizumab has recently been FDA-approved for the treatment of melanoma but will serve... expand

Penile squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) is relatively rare but exhibits higher incidences in less developed countries. PSCC is a highly aggressive malignancy characterized by early spread. Pembrolizumab has recently been FDA-approved for the treatment of melanoma but will serve as the investigational agent for this penile cancer study.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2016

open study

Study Assessing the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Food Effect, and Drug-Drug Interactions of...
Proteostasis Therapeutics, Inc. Healthy Volunteer Cystic Fibrosis
This trial will consist of two parts: Part 1 and Part 2. Part 1 will enroll adult healthy volunteers (HV) into four treatment groups. The first group will enroll HV into a single ascending dose (SAD) treatment group consisting of three cohorts. The second group will enroll HV... expand

This trial will consist of two parts: Part 1 and Part 2. Part 1 will enroll adult healthy volunteers (HV) into four treatment groups. The first group will enroll HV into a single ascending dose (SAD) treatment group consisting of three cohorts. The second group will enroll HV into a multiple ascending dose (MAD) treatment group consisting of three cohorts. The third group will enroll HV into a food effect (FE) treatment group consisting of one cohort. The fourth group will enroll HV into a drug-drug interactions (DDI) treatment group consisting of one cohort. Approximately 76 subjects will be enrolled in Part 1. Part 2 Cohorts 1 through 3 will enroll adult subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) currently on stable ivacaftor/lumacaftor background therapy for a minimum of three months. Part 2 Cohorts 4 and Cohort 5 will enroll adult subjects with CF not currently receiving cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR) modulator therapy within 30 days prior to Day 1. Part 2 Cohort 6 will enroll adult subjects with cystic fibrosis on stable tezacaftor/ivacaftor background therapy. Approximately 104 subjects will be enrolled in Part 2.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

Standardization of CD3+ T Cell Dose for Patients Receiving Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation...
Donna Salzman Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Stem cells collected from sibling donors for allogenic transplants contain various types of cells. The predominant immune cells are called CD3+ T cells. The amount of these T cells vary vastly from donor to donor. This study is to determine if standardizing the CD3+ T cell dose... expand

Stem cells collected from sibling donors for allogenic transplants contain various types of cells. The predominant immune cells are called CD3+ T cells. The amount of these T cells vary vastly from donor to donor. This study is to determine if standardizing the CD3+ T cell dose will benefit the recipient (patient). As well as to help discover if dose standardization causes less variation in outcomes between patients and to make transplantation more predictable and complications easier to manage.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2014

open study

Preoperative Combination of Letrozole, Everolimus, and TRC105 in Postmenopausal Hormone-Receptor Positive...
University of Alabama at Birmingham Breast Cancer
This study will test how well a new combination of three drugs (Letrozole, Everolimus, and TRC105) is tolerated and how well it works in Stage 2 and 3 breast cancer when given prior to definitive surgery. Letrozole blocks the estrogen receptor expressed by many breast cancers... expand

This study will test how well a new combination of three drugs (Letrozole, Everolimus, and TRC105) is tolerated and how well it works in Stage 2 and 3 breast cancer when given prior to definitive surgery. Letrozole blocks the estrogen receptor expressed by many breast cancers while everolimus blocks signals that drive cancer cells to grow. TRC105 is an investigational drug that blocks the formation and growth of blood vessels that feed the cancer and promote its growth. The goal of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of this multitargeted approach in breast cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2016

open study

Metabolic Health in Individuals With Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)
University of Alabama at Birmingham Spinal Cord Injuries Skeletal Muscle Atrophy Metabolic Disease
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) live longer than before and live to an age where metabolic disorders become highly prevalent. Due to loss of mobility and severe skeletal muscle atrophy, obesity, glucose intolerance, and peripheral insulin resistance develop soon after... expand

Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) live longer than before and live to an age where metabolic disorders become highly prevalent. Due to loss of mobility and severe skeletal muscle atrophy, obesity, glucose intolerance, and peripheral insulin resistance develop soon after the onset of SCI. These abnormalities are thought to contribute to the increased diabetes disease risk and accelerated aging process in the SCI population. As a result of these trends, overall burden of complications, economic impact and reduced quality of life are increasing. Until there are effective treatments for SCI, it is imperative to develop effective interventions to mitigate metabolic disorders that develop in individuals with SCI. The proposed research project examines the impact of early utilization of a novel neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) program on skeletal muscle metabolism and overall metabolic health in individuals with sub-acute, complete SCI.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

Safety and Efficacy of Abaloparatide-SC in Men With Osteoporosis (ATOM)
Radius Health, Inc. Osteoporosis Osteoporosis, Age-Related Osteoporosis Localized to Spine Age Related Osteoporosis Osteoporosis Senile
A 12 month study to measure the efficacy and safety of abaloparatide in men with osteoporosis. expand

A 12 month study to measure the efficacy and safety of abaloparatide in men with osteoporosis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2018

open study

Olanzapine for the Treatment of Chronic Nausea and/or Vomiting in Advanced Cancer Patients
University of Alabama at Birmingham Advanced Cancer
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of olanzapine for the treatment of cancer patients with chronic nausea and/or vomiting unrelated to chemotherapy or radiation in a randomized placebo-controlled pilot trial. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of olanzapine for the treatment of cancer patients with chronic nausea and/or vomiting unrelated to chemotherapy or radiation in a randomized placebo-controlled pilot trial.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

A Sleep and Media Use Intervention to Improve Adolescents' Weight and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
University of Alabama at Birmingham Sleep
This study aims to assess the effects of a sleep and media intervention on adolescents' overall health. expand

This study aims to assess the effects of a sleep and media intervention on adolescents' overall health.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2015

open study

Harvest for Health in Older Cancer Survivors
University of Alabama at Birmingham Cancer Survivor
Gardening interventions yield a multitude of measurable benefits that are evaluable within the context of a clinical trial. Harvest for Health forges new inroads in the delivery of holistic interventions to high risk populations, in this case, older cancer survivors. Since the... expand

Gardening interventions yield a multitude of measurable benefits that are evaluable within the context of a clinical trial. Harvest for Health forges new inroads in the delivery of holistic interventions to high risk populations, in this case, older cancer survivors. Since the intervention banks on an existing organization's infrastructure, it can easily be disseminated nationwide. The next step is to prove efficacy - an essential step in contributing to the science in this area, and one which is crucial for future dissemination.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2016

open study

Low Carbohydrate/High Protein Diet to Improve Metabolic Health
University of Alabama at Birmingham Spinal Cord Metabolic Syndrome Diabetes
Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are living to ages when metabolic disorders are highly prevalent. The combination of impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance can disrupt lipid metabolism and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and contribute... expand

Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) are living to ages when metabolic disorders are highly prevalent. The combination of impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance can disrupt lipid metabolism and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and contribute to an accelerated aging process in the SCI population. Feasible interventions to improve metabolic function in the chronic SCI are in great demand. Compared to pharmacologic therapies, dietary modification is a more cost-effective treatment option for reducing the risk of metabolic dysfunction that, surprisingly, has not been rigorously investigated in people with SCI. Therefore, in the present study the investigators will investigate the efficacy of an 8-week, eucaloric (a meal plan designed specifically to provide the exact amount of calories needed to maintain a given body weight) LC-HP dietary intervention for improving metabolic function, body composition, gut bacteria composition and quality of life in individuals with SCI and impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes. The investigators also aim to determine the association between changes in the composition of gut bacteria and improvements in metabolic function and the association between improvements in metabolic function and improvements in quality of life.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2017

open study

Exercise and Learning and Memory in Multiple Sclerosis
University of Alabama at Birmingham Multiple Sclerosis Physical Activity Memory Impairment Cognitive Change
The two primary study objectives involve examining the effects of treadmill walking exercise training versus stretching-and-toning activities on the primary and secondary outcomes. Specific Aim 1: The first specific aim is to examine the effects of 3-months of treadmill walking... expand

The two primary study objectives involve examining the effects of treadmill walking exercise training versus stretching-and-toning activities on the primary and secondary outcomes. Specific Aim 1: The first specific aim is to examine the effects of 3-months of treadmill walking exercise training compared with an active control condition on learning and memory outcomes in fully-ambulatory persons with MS who have impairment in learning new information. We hypothesize that those who undergo treadmill walking exercise training will demonstrate improvements in learning and memory relative to those who undergo stretching-and-toning activities. Specific Aim 2: The second specific aim is to examine the effects of 3-months of treadmill walking exercise training compared with an active control condition on hippocampal volume, hippocampal resting-state functional connectivity, and cardiorespiratory fitness in those persons with MS. We hypothesize that those who are randomly assigned to the treadmill walking exercise condition will demonstrate increases in hippocampal volume and resting-state functional connectivity (i.e., adaptive increases) and improved cardiorespiratory fitness relative to those in the stretching-and-toning condition.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2018

open study

Durvalumab and Tremelimumab in Treating Patients With Recurrent Stage IV Lung Cancer
Southwest Oncology Group Recurrent Squamous Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IV Squamous Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7
This phase II trial studies how well durvalumab and tremelimumab works in treating patients with stage IV lung cancer that has come back after previous treatment. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab and tremelimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow... expand

This phase II trial studies how well durvalumab and tremelimumab works in treating patients with stage IV lung cancer that has come back after previous treatment. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab and tremelimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2017

open study

Hypoxic Changes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Following Trans Arterial Chemo Embolization and Stereotactic...
University of Alabama at Birmingham Hepatocellular Carcinoma
[18F] FMISO PET to determine hypoxia in patients with HCC treated with TACE. expand

[18F] FMISO PET to determine hypoxia in patients with HCC treated with TACE.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2017

open study

Evaluating the Efficacy and Tolerability of Application of Metaderm Product for the Treatment of Psoriasis
University of Alabama at Birmingham Psoriasis
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common inflammatory condition of the skin that results in well-demarcated, scaly, erythematous, itchy plaques. In the United States, psoriasis remains a common, immune-mediated disease, affecting 7.4 million adults. Often topical prescription medications... expand

Psoriasis vulgaris is a common inflammatory condition of the skin that results in well-demarcated, scaly, erythematous, itchy plaques. In the United States, psoriasis remains a common, immune-mediated disease, affecting 7.4 million adults. Often topical prescription medications are used as first line treatment for moderate psoriasis. Some topical medications have side effects and risk with long time use, thus not ideal for extensive and indefinite amount of time. Conversely, over- the-counter emollient treatments are readily available, safe and potentially efficacious. This study is design to test the safety and efficacy of topical application of the Metaderm product cream. The Metaderm cream is non-prescription, natural product.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2018

open study

Preadmission Skin Wipe Use for Surgical Site Infection Prophylaxis in Adult Orthopaedic Surgery Patients
University of Alabama at Birmingham Surgical Site Infection
Intervention: This study will involve three different study arms with different interventions prior to surgery: (1) shower only, (2) shower plus Theraworx wipes, (3) shower plus chlorhexidine wipes Study Design: Single center RCT Sample Size: 500 patients, aged 18+... expand

Intervention: This study will involve three different study arms with different interventions prior to surgery: (1) shower only, (2) shower plus Theraworx wipes, (3) shower plus chlorhexidine wipes Study Design: Single center RCT Sample Size: 500 patients, aged 18+ Objectives: Primary Objectives: 1. Monitor for safety and adverse effects. 2. Evaluate for differences in peri-operative skin cultures between treatment groups; 3. Compare surgical site infection rates between groups. Secondary Objectives: 1. Assess for patient compliance for each different treatment arms. 2. Measure patient satisfaction. 3. Measure nurse satisfaction. 4. Visual assessment of wound healing Expected Results: We expect no statistically significant difference in peri-operative cultures or surgical site infection rates between groups.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2018

open study

Overcoming TWEAK Signaling to Restore Muscle and Mobility After Joint Replacement
University of Alabama at Birmingham Osteoarthritis
This single-blind, randomized, controlled trial is designed to test the effect of an intensive, 16 week exercise rehabilitation program (progressive resistance training + functional mobility training) vs. usual care on restoration of muscle mass and mobility after total hip (THA)... expand

This single-blind, randomized, controlled trial is designed to test the effect of an intensive, 16 week exercise rehabilitation program (progressive resistance training + functional mobility training) vs. usual care on restoration of muscle mass and mobility after total hip (THA) or knee (TKA) arthroplasty in men and women with end-stage osteoarthritis. The molecular basis underlying the trial is the presence of significant muscle inflammation susceptibility in many of these individuals, and the expectation that the more intensive intervention will overcome this inflammatory burden to facilitate recovery.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2015

open study

Pulmonary Function Using Non-invasive Forced Oscillometry
University of Alabama at Birmingham Infant, Premature, Diseases Infant, Newborn, Diseases Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
The purpose of this observational study is to measure pulmonary function in term and preterm infants with and without pulmonary disease including respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, transient tachypnea of the newborn, meconium aspiration syndrome, and response... expand

The purpose of this observational study is to measure pulmonary function in term and preterm infants with and without pulmonary disease including respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, transient tachypnea of the newborn, meconium aspiration syndrome, and response to treatments given to newborn infants with lung diseases using a non-invasive airway oscillometry system.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2017

open study

Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Gaming Therapy Versus CI Therapy for Upper Extremity Rehabilitation
Ohio State University Stroke Hemiparesis
The current proposal aims to conduct a multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing virtual-reality gaming delivery of Constraint Induced Movement therapy (CI therapy) with (1) traditional clinic-based CI therapy of equal total active therapy duration and (2) a control group... expand

The current proposal aims to conduct a multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing virtual-reality gaming delivery of Constraint Induced Movement therapy (CI therapy) with (1) traditional clinic-based CI therapy of equal total active therapy duration and (2) a control group equating the dose of in-person therapy. Individuals with chronic stroke will be randomized to one of four different interventions: (1) traditional clinic-based CI therapy (35 therapist/client contact hours), (2) therapist-as-consultant virtual reality CI therapy (5 therapist/client contact hours in the clinic and 15 hours of independent game play at home), (3) therapist-as-consultant virtual reality CI therapy with additional therapist contact via telerehabilitation (5 therapist/client contact hours in the clinic, 4 therapist contact hours via teleconference, and 15 hours of independent game play in the home), and (4) 5 hours of standard occupational therapy. After 6-month follow-up, individuals assigned to standard OT/PT will cross over to a modified gaming therapy condition (a stand-alone application of the rehabilitation game without additional therapist contact).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study