482 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Effects of Inhibiting Early Inflammation in Kidney Transplant Patients
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Kidney Transplant
During transplant surgery, there is a period of time when a donated kidney is removed from a donor's body and stored until the time of the transplant surgery. The storage procedure results in buildup of various proteins within the kidney that can injure the donated kidney after... expand

During transplant surgery, there is a period of time when a donated kidney is removed from a donor's body and stored until the time of the transplant surgery. The storage procedure results in buildup of various proteins within the kidney that can injure the donated kidney after it is transplanted. One of these proteins is tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether taking infliximab, which blocks tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), just prior to transplant surgery, along with usual transplant medicines will protect the donated kidney from damage caused by TNF-alpha and help keep the transplanted kidney healthy for a longer period of time.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study

Dietary Oxalate and Immune Cell Function
University of Alabama at Birmingham Kidney Stone
The purpose of this study is to evaluate mitochondrial function in white blood cells and platelets from healthy individuals following dietary oxalate intake. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate mitochondrial function in white blood cells and platelets from healthy individuals following dietary oxalate intake.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2016

open study

Carbon Fiber Implants
University of Alabama at Birmingham Tibial Shaft Fractures
The investigators will compare intramedullary nailing of open and closed tibia shaft fractures with carbon fiber implant versus titanium implant in a Level I trauma setting. expand

The investigators will compare intramedullary nailing of open and closed tibia shaft fractures with carbon fiber implant versus titanium implant in a Level I trauma setting.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

Adherence and Outcome of Upper Airway Stimulation (UAS) for OSA International Registry
Inspire Medical Systems, Inc. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Inspire intends to conduct this registry to: 1) collect Inspire therapy clinical evidence in the clinical practice setting; 2) collect additional information on the effectiveness, use and safety in the commercial setting; and 3) engage physician customers to report the collective... expand

Inspire intends to conduct this registry to: 1) collect Inspire therapy clinical evidence in the clinical practice setting; 2) collect additional information on the effectiveness, use and safety in the commercial setting; and 3) engage physician customers to report the collective outcome within a group of properly trained programs that utilize Inspire therapy on a regular basis. In addition, a sub-study will be conducted under this Registry at a limited number of Registry centers and will include a cohort of Registry patients and a cohort of patients who have not received the Inspire therapy device due to denial of insurance coverage. The two sub-study cohorts' quality of life and AHI data will be compared.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Oct 2016

open study

Phase 3 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Elafibranor Versus Placebo in Patients With Nonalcoholic...
Genfit Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) With Fibrosis
The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of Elafibranor treatment compared to placebo on 1) histological improvement and 2) all-cause mortality and liver-related outcomes in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis. expand

The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of Elafibranor treatment compared to placebo on 1) histological improvement and 2) all-cause mortality and liver-related outcomes in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2016

open study

Monoclonal Antibody-Based Sequential Therapy for Deep Remission in Multiple Myeloma
University of Alabama at Birmingham Multiple Myeloma
Multiple myeloma (MM), a plasma cell disorder, is the second most common hematologic malignancy in the U.S. No standard curative therapy has yet been found. A variety of therapeutic measures including high dose melphalan, induction therapy, and continuous therapy have been used... expand

Multiple myeloma (MM), a plasma cell disorder, is the second most common hematologic malignancy in the U.S. No standard curative therapy has yet been found. A variety of therapeutic measures including high dose melphalan, induction therapy, and continuous therapy have been used but the goal of complete response without relapse has not been achieved. More active treatment regimens and better tools for response assessment are needed.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2018

open study

Comparative Effectiveness Research Trial for Antidepressant Incomplete and Non-responders With TRD
Massachusetts General Hospital Treatment Resistant Major Depressive Disorder
This is a multi-site, randomized, open-label, effectiveness trial comparing three treatment arms for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients with TRD who are currently on ongoing, stable and adequate antidepressant therapy (ADT). Adequate ADT is defined as a therapeutically... expand

This is a multi-site, randomized, open-label, effectiveness trial comparing three treatment arms for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients with TRD who are currently on ongoing, stable and adequate antidepressant therapy (ADT). Adequate ADT is defined as a therapeutically sufficient dose for a sufficient treatment period, which would be expected to be effective as listed in the MGH Antidepressant Treatment Response Questionnaire (ATRQ). Patients will be randomized in a 1:1:1 fashion to one of three open-label treatment arms: a) aripiprazole augmentation, b) rTMS augmentation, and c) switching to venlafaxine XR or Duloxetine.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

Milrinone in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
NICHD Neonatal Research Network Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure Pulmonary Hypoplasia
Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually have pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) leading to hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF). Pulmonary hypertension associated with CDH is frequently resistant to conventional... expand

Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) usually have pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) leading to hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF). Pulmonary hypertension associated with CDH is frequently resistant to conventional pulmonary vasodilator therapy including inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). Increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) can lead to right ventricular overload and dysfunction. In patients with CDH, left ventricular dysfunction, either caused by right ventricular overload or a relative underdevelopment of the left ventricle, is associated with poor prognosis. Milrinone is an intravenous inotrope and lusitrope (enhances cardiac systolic contraction and diastolic relaxation respectively) with pulmonary vasodilator properties and has been shown anecdotally to improve oxygenation in PPHN. Milrinone is commonly used during the management of CDH although no randomized trials have been performed to test its efficacy. Thirty percent of infants with CDH in the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database (CHND) and 22% of late-preterm and term infants with CDH in the Pediatrix database received milrinone. In the recently published VICI trial, 84% of patients with CDH received a vasoactive medication. In the current pilot trial, neonates with an antenatal or postnatal diagnosis of CDH will be randomized to receive milrinone or placebo to establish safety of this medication in CDH and test its efficacy in improving oxygenation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Obesity Risk in African American Women is Determined by a Diet-by-phenotype Interaction
University of Alabama at Birmingham Diet Modification
The Scientific Premise of this study is that the high level of obesity displayed by African American (AA) women is due to the ability to secrete large amounts of insulin when sugary foods are consumed. When AA women eat a diet rich in starchy or sugary food (a "high-glycemic"... expand

The Scientific Premise of this study is that the high level of obesity displayed by African American (AA) women is due to the ability to secrete large amounts of insulin when sugary foods are consumed. When AA women eat a diet rich in starchy or sugary food (a "high-glycemic" diet that stimulates insulin secretion), the food that is eaten is stored as fat rather than being burned as fuel. The investigators previous research has suggested that AA women have an easier time losing weight and keeping it off when eating a low-glycemic diet. The proposed study will be the first randomized clinical trial to test the effect of high and low glycemic diets for weight loss and weight-loss-maintenance in obese AA women.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2019

open study

AtRial Cardiopathy and Antithrombotic Drugs In Prevention After Cryptogenic Stroke
Columbia University Stroke
Objectives - Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy. - Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban... expand

Objectives - Primary: To test the hypothesis that apixaban is superior to aspirin for the prevention of recurrent stroke in patients with cryptogenic ischemic stroke and atrial cardiopathy. - Secondary: To test the hypothesis that the relative efficacy of apixaban over aspirin increases with the severity of atrial cardiopathy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

A Novel Regimen to Prevent Malaria and STI in Pregnant Women With HIV
University of Alabama at Birmingham HIV Pregnancy Malaria Sexually Transmitted Infection
More than 3 billion people worldwide are at risk of acquiring malaria and pregnant women living with HIV in Africa are at particular risk. An effective prophylaxis regimen capable of preventing malaria and other common perinatal infections would have great potential to improve... expand

More than 3 billion people worldwide are at risk of acquiring malaria and pregnant women living with HIV in Africa are at particular risk. An effective prophylaxis regimen capable of preventing malaria and other common perinatal infections would have great potential to improve adverse birth outcomes. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to evaluate a new combination prophylaxis regimen in pregnant women with HIV in Cameroon to determine its efficacy and safety.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2018

open study

Assessment of Neuroinflammation in Central Inflammatory Disorders Using [F-18]DPA-714.
University of Alabama at Birmingham Fibromyalgia Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Multiple Sclerosis Healthy
The primary objective of this study is to measure the concentration and the regional brain distribution of activated brain microglia/macrophages using the PET radiopharmaceutical [F-18]DPA-714 in individuals with chronic pain and fatigue suspected to be associated with neuroinflammation.... expand

The primary objective of this study is to measure the concentration and the regional brain distribution of activated brain microglia/macrophages using the PET radiopharmaceutical [F-18]DPA-714 in individuals with chronic pain and fatigue suspected to be associated with neuroinflammation. The PET tracer [F-18]DPA-714 binds to the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO, also known as the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor) in the mitochondria of activated microglia/macrophages and provides a non-invasive measure of neuroinflammation. The primary objective of this study is to determine if pain and fatigue patients have higher levels of neuroinflammation than HC individuals as measured with [F-18]DPA-714-PET/MRI.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2019

open study

Observational Study of Pediatric Rheumatic Diseases: The CARRA Registry
Duke University Rheumatic Joint Disease
Continuation of the CARRA Registry as described in the protocol will support data collection on patients with pediatric-onset rheumatic diseases. The CARRA Registry will form the basis for future CARRA studies. In particular, this observational registry will be used to answer... expand

Continuation of the CARRA Registry as described in the protocol will support data collection on patients with pediatric-onset rheumatic diseases. The CARRA Registry will form the basis for future CARRA studies. In particular, this observational registry will be used to answer pressing questions about therapeutics used to treat pediatric rheumatic diseases, including safety questions.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Jul 2015

open study

Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Perampanel as Monotherapy or First Adjunctive Therapy in...
Eisai Inc. Partial Onset Seizures Secondarily Generalized Seizures Primary Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures
This study will assess the retention rate of perampanel when given as monotherapy or first adjunctive therapy in participants with partial-onset seizures or primary generalized tonic clonic seizures. The study consists of 4 periods: a Screening Period (to start no earlier than... expand

This study will assess the retention rate of perampanel when given as monotherapy or first adjunctive therapy in participants with partial-onset seizures or primary generalized tonic clonic seizures. The study consists of 4 periods: a Screening Period (to start no earlier than 6 weeks before the first dose of study drug), a Titration Period (up to 13 weeks), a Maintenance Period (39 weeks), and a Follow-Up Period (4 weeks).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Dyslipidemia and Diabetic Retinopathy
University of Alabama at Birmingham Diabetic Retinopathy Dyslipidemia
The purpose of this study is to determine if the reparative cells of blood vessels called endothelial progenitor cells(EPC) are defective in people with diabetes. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine if the reparative cells of blood vessels called endothelial progenitor cells(EPC) are defective in people with diabetes.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2014

open study

Human iPSC for Repair of Vasodegenerative Vessels in Diabetic Retinopathy
University of Alabama at Birmingham Diabetes Complications Diabetic Retinopathy
This study proposes to carefully examine the hypothesis that human inducible pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be effectively employed as a future therapeutic option for individuals with diabetic retinopathy and macular ischemia. iPSCs will be generated from the peripheral blood... expand

This study proposes to carefully examine the hypothesis that human inducible pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be effectively employed as a future therapeutic option for individuals with diabetic retinopathy and macular ischemia. iPSCs will be generated from the peripheral blood cells of subjects with diabetes and age matched controls. The human iPSC cells will be used to generate mesoderm cells for injection into the vitreous cavity of diabetic rodents and primate eyes. The ability of mesoderm cells to generate endothelial cells and pericytes in areas of degenerated capillaries will be examined. The human iPSCs will also be used to generate hematopoietic CD34+CD45+ cells. The combination of CD34+CD45+ cells derived from iPSCs and iPSC derived mesoderm will be examined in combination for their potentially beneficial effect to enhance the vessel formation.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

Liver X Receptor (LXR) as a Novel Therapeutic Target in Diabetic Retinopathy (DR)
University of Alabama at Birmingham Diabetic Retinopathy
Results from large clinical trials demonstrate a strong association between lipid abnormalities and progression of the most common microvascular complication, diabetic retinopathy (DR). We found that activation of a master regulator of cholesterol metabolism, the nuclear hormone... expand

Results from large clinical trials demonstrate a strong association between lipid abnormalities and progression of the most common microvascular complication, diabetic retinopathy (DR). We found that activation of a master regulator of cholesterol metabolism, the nuclear hormone receptors liver X receptors (LXRα/LXRβ), prevents DR in rodent models. In this application, we seek to understand the mechanisms responsible for the beneficial effects of LXR agonists on retina and on bone marrow (BM) to preserve the function of reparative cells while reducing inflammatory cell.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

To Compare the Effectiveness of 3 Different Types of Lens and Lens Coating in Eliminating Symptoms for...
University of Alabama at Birmingham Concussion, Mild Convergence Insufficiency Accommodation; Insufficiency
Recent studies have shown children who sustain a concussion are susceptible to having chronic symptoms (post-concussion syndrome). This chronicity can lead to delays in returning to learn and returning to play. Blurry vision, double vision, eye strain and eye tracking problems are... expand

Recent studies have shown children who sustain a concussion are susceptible to having chronic symptoms (post-concussion syndrome). This chronicity can lead to delays in returning to learn and returning to play. Blurry vision, double vision, eye strain and eye tracking problems are some of the reported chronic symptoms that can affect patients' daily activities. Concussion awareness has increased recently and there is a surge of interest to better understand and treat the symptoms of post-concussion syndrome. Currently, ocular treatment for patients are often empirically determined. Common treatments are vision therapy and/or bifocal glasses. There has yet to be any standardization or prospective studies looking into treatment for these concussed patients with ocular symptoms and findings. The objective of this protocol is to compare three different types of glasses (typical prescription glasses for kids, typical glasses for kids with anti-glare coating, and progressive addition lenses with anti-glare coating) as treatment options for participants who are still symptomatic four weeks out from their concussion. The main outcome is the effectiveness of these three different options in reducing patients' symptoms and improving the participants' visual findings.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study

Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Gaming Therapy Versus CI Therapy for Upper Extremity Rehabilitation
Ohio State University Stroke Hemiparesis
The current proposal aims to conduct a multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing virtual-reality gaming delivery of Constraint Induced Movement therapy (CI therapy) with (1) traditional clinic-based CI therapy of equal total active therapy duration and (2) a control group... expand

The current proposal aims to conduct a multi-site randomized controlled trial comparing virtual-reality gaming delivery of Constraint Induced Movement therapy (CI therapy) with (1) traditional clinic-based CI therapy of equal total active therapy duration and (2) a control group equating the dose of in-person therapy. Individuals with chronic stroke will be randomized to one of four different interventions: (1) traditional clinic-based CI therapy (35 therapist/client contact hours), (2) therapist-as-consultant virtual reality CI therapy (5 therapist/client contact hours in the clinic and 15 hours of independent game play at home), (3) therapist-as-consultant virtual reality CI therapy with additional therapist contact via telerehabilitation (5 therapist/client contact hours in the clinic, 4 therapist contact hours via teleconference, and 15 hours of independent game play in the home), and (4) 5 hours of standard occupational therapy. After 6-month follow-up, individuals assigned to standard OT/PT will cross over to a modified gaming therapy condition (a stand-alone application of the rehabilitation game without additional therapist contact).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study

Patients Treated for SCID (1968-Present)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) SCID ADA-SCID XSCID Leaky SCID Omenn Syndrome
People with Primary Immune Deficiency (PID) may develop severe, life-threatening infections as a result of inherited defects in the genes that normally instruct blood-forming cells to develop and to fight infections. PID diseases include Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID),... expand

People with Primary Immune Deficiency (PID) may develop severe, life-threatening infections as a result of inherited defects in the genes that normally instruct blood-forming cells to develop and to fight infections. PID diseases include Severe Combined Immune Deficiency (SCID), leaky SCID, Omenn syndrome (OS), and Reticular Dysgenesis (RD). PIDs may be treated by transplantation of bone marrow stem cells from a healthy person or, in some cases, by enzyme replacement or by gene therapy. Patients with SCID were among the first to receive bone marrow stem cell (also called hematopoietic cells) transplantation (HCT) more than 40 years ago, and HCT is the standard treatment today for this group of diseases. Since PID diseases are rare, there are not enough patients at any single center to determine the full range of causes, natural history, or best methods of treatment. For this research study many PID centers across North America have organized into the Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) to pool their experience and study PIDs together. Researchers will collect information on your general health, psychological and developmental health, and the current status of your immune system to help better define future approaches to PID treatments.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2011

open study

Patients Treated for Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) Since 1995
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited immune system abnormality in which bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has been shown to be curative. However the risks of transplantation are high and not all patients with CGD may need to undergo this high risk procedure. This... expand

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited immune system abnormality in which bone marrow transplantation (BMT) has been shown to be curative. However the risks of transplantation are high and not all patients with CGD may need to undergo this high risk procedure. This study will determine the long term medical condition and daily functioning of participants with CGD after a transplant and if possible, compare these results to participants who do not undergo a transplant.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 2014

open study

Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX) Prevalence Study
Retrophin, Inc. Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)
This is an observational, multicenter study to determine the prevalence of Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX) in patient populations diagnosed with early-onset idiopathic bilateral cataracts. Patients who are potentially eligible for study participation will be identified through... expand

This is an observational, multicenter study to determine the prevalence of Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX) in patient populations diagnosed with early-onset idiopathic bilateral cataracts. Patients who are potentially eligible for study participation will be identified through a chart review of patients who were seen at each study site prior to that site's initiation, or by entering care at the site while the site is participating in the trial.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 2015

open study

Tornier Shoulder Outcomes Study to Examine Safety and Functional Outcomes in Shoulder Arthroplasty and...
Tornier, Inc. Shoulder Arthroplasty and Fracture Repair
The Tornier Shoulder Outcomes Study is designed to collect safety and efficacy data on designated commercially available Tornier Shoulder repair products. In addition, this study will provide performance data for use in education, marketing materials, peer-reviewed publications... expand

The Tornier Shoulder Outcomes Study is designed to collect safety and efficacy data on designated commercially available Tornier Shoulder repair products. In addition, this study will provide performance data for use in education, marketing materials, peer-reviewed publications and support research and development of future products.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Mar 2014

open study

Randomized Trial to Assess PO Versus IV Antibiotics
Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium Wound Infection
The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of treatment of post-op wound infection in long bones after fracture fixation or joint fusion and either: (Group 1) operative debridement and PO antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks; or (Group 2) operative debridement and IV antibiotics... expand

The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of treatment of post-op wound infection in long bones after fracture fixation or joint fusion and either: (Group 1) operative debridement and PO antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks; or (Group 2) operative debridement and IV antibiotics for 6 weeks. Primary Hypothesis: The rate of treatment failure by one year in Group 1 will be non-inferior to the rate in Group 2. Treatment failure is defined as wound problems that require surgery >2 weeks after initial debridement, infection recurrence, infection with a new pathogen, joint erosion, implant failure, medical problems related to the treatment administration which necessitates a switch from one arm to the other.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2013

open study

Remote Ischemic Conditioning Using the autoRIC
CellAegis US, Inc. Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the hypothesis that patients receiving remote ischemic conditioning using the autoRIC device show statistically significant reduction in the prevalence of ischemia-reperfusion injury to the myocardium as compared to patients in the autoRIC... expand

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the hypothesis that patients receiving remote ischemic conditioning using the autoRIC device show statistically significant reduction in the prevalence of ischemia-reperfusion injury to the myocardium as compared to patients in the autoRIC Sham device arm (within 12-24 hours post non-emergent PCI with stent implantation).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study